Entrepreneurship, Education and Youth Employment in Africa: Reframing Higher Education

  • Pazisnewende François KaboreEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 204)


Given the high rate of unemployment in most countries in Sub-Saharan Africa policy makers innovate by fostering job creation and self employment through entrepreneurship education. We build on the Theory of Planned Behavior developed by Ajzen (1991) and use Probit regression to investigate the marginal impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intent using survey data gathered in Côte d’Ivoire in 2015. We find that an ecosystem of entrepreneurship increases entrepreneurial intent by 50% while an entrepreneurship awareness course does not have any statistically significant impact. This result suggests reframing higher education in order to favor the entry into the private sector by the youth.


Entrepreneurship Education Innovation Youth employment  Africa 


  1. Agence d’Etudes et de Promotion de l’Emploi-AGEPE: L’Emergence de l’Esprit Entrepreneurial en Côte d’Ivoire: le Cas des Demandeurs d’Emploi Inscrits à l’AGEPE. Document de travail. 3. Chargé d’Etudes: Mlle Thia Aline, 47 p. (1998)Google Scholar
  2. Ajzen, I.: The theory of planned behavior. Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process. 50, 179–211 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boissin, J., et al.: Les déterminants de l’intention de créer une entreprise chez les étudiants: un test empirique. Management, vol. 12, pp. 28–51. AIMS (2009)Google Scholar
  4. Conseil Africain et Malgache pour l’Enseignement Supérieur (CAMES). In an audience with the Secretary General of the CAME ( in Ouagadougou (April 2016, Burkina Faso), he insisted on the need to have universities work with both governments and the private sector to develop a demand driven higher education that promotes job creation, in the framework of Public Private Partnership (PPP)
  5. Davidson, P.: Determinants of entrepreneurial intentions. In: Jönköping International Business School. RENT IX workshop, Piacenza, Italy, 23–24 November 1995Google Scholar
  6. Fayolle, A., Benoît, G.: The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial attitudes and intention: hysteresis and persistence. J. Small Bus. Manage. 53(1), 75–93 (2013). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. International Labor Organization (ILO).
  8. Kabore, P.F.: Entrepreneurship, youth employment, and violent extremism in Côte d’Ivoire. In: The Southern Voices Network: Research Paper, vol. 14, 8 p. (2016).
  9. Massaquoi, S.B., et al.: The impact of tertiary education institutions on rural agricultural communities in Sierra Leone. J. Educ. Res. Africa-Revue Africaine de Recherche en Educ. 6, 65–81 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique: Annuaire Statistique de l’Enseignement Supérieur de Côte d’Ivoire, pp. 2013–2014 (2014)Google Scholar
  11. Mintzberg, H.: Managers Not MBAS, 464 p. Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc., San Francisco (2004)Google Scholar
  12. Autio, E.: Entrepreneurial intent among students: testing an intent model in Asia, Scandinavia and USA (2001)Google Scholar
  13. Sabbi, M., et al.: Pre-tertiary education and self-employable skills in Ghana: the perspective of teachers, educational researchers and educational administrators. African Education Development Issues Réseau Ouest et Centre African de Recherche en Educ. 6, 51–76 (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jesuit University Institute (CERAP/IDDH)AbidjanCôte d’Ivoire

Personalised recommendations