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Can Young Olive Plants Overcome Heat Shock?

  • Márcia Araújo
  • Conceição Santos
  • Maria Celeste Dias
Chapter
Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)

Abstract

Climate change is bringing more frequent and intense heat waves over the last years. Under this circumstance, it is important to understand whether species can tolerate stress and which mechanisms are involved in this adaptation process. Olive tree (Olea europaea L.) have been known for centuries to be drought tolerant, but less is known about the impact on the physiological response of this species to heat. To understand how young olive plants deal with heat shock, one-year-old plants (cv. ‘Arbequina’), grown at 23 ± 2 °C, were exposed to heat, 40 °C, for 2 h. Relative water content, gas exchange, carbohydrates content, cell membrane permeability and lipid peroxidation were assessed immediately after heat exposure. The heat shock treatment compromised plant water status, photosynthesis and induced stomatal closure. However, neither membrane damage nor carbohydrates contents (total soluble sugars and starch) were affected. The results indicate that young olive plants can overcome short heat shock episodes.

Keywords

Climate change Olea europaea L. Photosynthesis Abiotic stress 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) through a doctoral fellowship of Márcia Araújo (SFRH/BD/116801/2016) and a post-doctoral fellowship of Maria Celeste Dias (SFRH/BPD/100865/2014). This work was financed by FCT/MEC through national funds and the co-funding by the FEDER, within the PT2020 Partnership Agreement, and COMPETE 2010, within the projects UID/BIA/04004/2013, UID/QUI/00062/2013 and UID/AGR/04033/2013.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Márcia Araújo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Conceição Santos
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
  • Maria Celeste Dias
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for Functional Ecology (CFE), Department of Life ScienceUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.Center for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences (CITAB)Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Quinta de PradosVila RealPortugal
  3. 3.Integrative Biology and Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  4. 4.QOPNA and Department of ChemistryUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  5. 5.LAQV & REQUIMTE, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal

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