Intergenerational Transmission of Values in Urban and Rural Areas of Russia: The Role of Perceived Psychological Closeness

  • Dmitrii Dubrov
  • Alexander Tatarko
Part of the Societies and Political Orders in Transition book series (SOCPOT)


This paper examines the role of the place of living (urban or rural society) and its socio-cultural context in determining the parent-adolescent child value similarity. We interviewed representatives of two generations: parents and children from 90 families in Moscow and 62 families in Russian villages (n = 304 people). Our findings indicated the influence of socio-cultural context (urban-rural) on the transmission of values. Conservation values were primarily transmitted from parents to children in the more traditional, rural context. Openness to change, self-enhancement, and self-transcendence values were transmitted from parents to children mainly in the urban context. Perceived psychological closeness between parents and adolescents (as perceived by adolescents) affected the adoption of values by the adolescents in both urban and rural contexts. All values of adolescents were more similar to the values of peers than to their parents, in both urban and rural contexts.


Individual values Intergenerational transmission of values Perceived psychological closeness Socialization Parents Adolescents Peers 


  1. Albert, I., & Ferring, D. (2012). Intergenerational value transmission within the family and the role of emotional relationship quality. Family Science, 3(1), 4–12. Scholar
  2. Arnett, J. (1995). Broad and narrow socialization: The family in the context of a cultural theory. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57, 617–628. Scholar
  3. Barni, D. (2009). Trasmettere valori. Tre generazioni familiari a confronto [Transmittig values. A comparison between three family generations]. Milano: Unicopli (in Italian).Google Scholar
  4. Barni, D., Ranieri, S., Scabini, E., & Rosnatiet, R. (2011). Value transmission in the family: Do adolescents accept the values their parents want to transmit? Journal of Moral Education, 40(1), 105–121. Scholar
  5. Berry, J. W., Poortinga, Y. H., Breugelmans, S. M., Chasiotis, A., & Sam, D. L. (2011). Cross-cultural psychology: Research and applications (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Boehnke, K. (2001). Parent-offspring value transmission in a societal context: Suggestions for a utopian research design with empirical underpinnings. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 241–255. Scholar
  7. Buzzi, C., Cavalli, A., & de Lillo, A. (1997). Giovani verso il duemila [Young people toward two thousand]. Il Mulino: Bologna (in Italian).Google Scholar
  8. Carr, J. C., Cole, M. S., Ring, J. K., & Blettner, D. P. (2011). A measure of variations in internal social capital among family firms. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35, 1207–1227. Scholar
  9. Cavalli-Sforza, L. L., & Feldman, M. W. (1981). Cultural transmission and evolution: A quantitative approach. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Fadeeva, O. P. (2007). Khozyaistvennye uklady v sovremennom rossiiskom sele [Economic set-ups in the contemporary Russian village]. Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, 11, 64–69 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  11. Fuligni, A., & Zhang, W. (2004). Attitudes toward family obligations among adolescents in contemporary urban and rural China. Child Development, 74, 180–192. Scholar
  12. Knafo, A., & Schwartz, S. H. (2001). Value socialization in families of Israeli-born and Soviet-born adolescents in Israel. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32(2), 213–228. Scholar
  13. Knafo, A., & Schwartz, S. H. (2003). Parenting and accuracy of perception of parental values by adolescents. Child Development, 73, 595–611. Scholar
  14. Kuczynski, L., & Navara, G. S. (2006). Sources of innovation and change in socialization, internalization and acculturation. In M. Killen & J. G. Smetana (Eds.), Handbook of moral development (pp. 299–327). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  15. Lee, J., & Gillath, O. (2016). Perceived closeness to multiple social connections and attachment style: A longitudinal examination. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7(7), 680–689. Scholar
  16. Nahapiet, J., & Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organizational advantage. Academy of Management Review, 23, 242–266.Google Scholar
  17. Nichols, D. P. (1998). Choosing an intraclass correlation coefficient. UCLA, Statistical Consulting Group.Google Scholar
  18. Padilla-Walker, L. (2007). Characteristics of mother-child interactions related to adolescents’ positive values and behaviors. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69(3), 675–686. Scholar
  19. Pearson, A., Carr, J., & Shaw, J. (2008). Toward a theory of familiness: A social capital perspective. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 32, 949–969. Scholar
  20. Phalet, K., & Schönpflug, U. (2001). Intergenerational transmission in Turkish immigrant families: Parental collectivism, achievement values and gender differences. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 32(4), 489.Google Scholar
  21. Roest, A. M. C., Dubas, J. S., & Gerris, J. R. M. (2010). Value transmissions between parents and children: Gender and developmental phase as transmission belts. Journal of Adolescence, 33(1), 21–31.
  22. Schönpflug, U. (2001). Intergenerational transmission of values: The role of transmission belts. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 174–185. Scholar
  23. Schwartz, S. H. (2014). National culture as value orientations: Consequences of value differences and cultural Distance. In V. A. Ginsburgh & D. Throsby (Eds.), Handbook of the economics of art and culture (Vol. 2, pp. 547–586). Amsterdam: Elsevier. Scholar
  24. Schwartz, S., Butenko, T. P., Sedova, D. S., & Lipatova, A. S. (2012). A refined theory of basic personal values: Validation in Russia. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, 9(2), 43–70 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  25. Steca, P., Monzan, D., Greco, A., & D’Addario, M. (2012). Similarity in self-enhancement and self-transcendence values between young adults and their parents and friends. Family Science, 3(1), 34–45. Scholar
  26. Swader, C. S. (2013). The capitalist personality: Face-to-face sociality and economic change in the post-communist world. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Trommsdorff, G. (2009). Intergenerational relations and cultural transmission. In U. Schonpflug (Ed.), Cultural transmission. Psychological, developmental, social, and methodological aspects (pp. 126–160). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Vedder, P., Berry, J., Sabatier, C., & Sam, D. (2009). The intergenerational transmission of values in national and immigrant families: The role of zeitgeist. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 38, 642–653. Scholar
  29. Vinogradskii, V. G. (1998). Krest’yanskie semeinye khroniki [Peasant family chronicles]. Sotsiologicheskii Zhurnal, 1(2), 130–144 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  30. Yadov, V. A. (1975). O dispozitsionnoi regulyatsii sotsial’nogo povedeniya lichnosti [On dispositional regulation of social behavior of personality]. In Metodologicheskie problemy sotsial’noi psikhologii [Methodological problems of social psychology] (pp. 89–106). Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).Google Scholar
  31. Zharova, E. N. (2010). Sravnitel’nyi analiz individualisticheskikh i kollektivisticheskikh tsennostnykh orientatsii kak sotsial'no-psikhologicheskikh kharakteristik molodezhi (na primere urbanizirovannoi i neurbanizirovannoi sredy) [Comparative analysis of individualistic and collectivistic value orientations as socio-psychological characteristics of young people (in urban and rural area)] (Extended abstract of Ph.D. dissertation, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow) (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Research University Higher School of EconomicsMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations