Single-Port Surgery

  • Kevin J.  E. Stepp
  • Dina A. Bastawros


Conventional laparoscopy is the preferred approach for many, if not most, major gynecologic procedures that require abdominal access. Conventional laparoscopic instrumentation and access devices as well as robotic-assisted laparoscopic instrumentation are improving rapidly. Whether conventional or robotic laparoscopy is considered, we prefer to minimize the size and number of ports. Many surgical procedures are customarily performed via 3–5 ports through small incisions in the abdominal wall. Each additional port carries a small but not negligible risk for port site complications [1]. These risks include bleeding, infection, injury to nearby organs, soft tissue trauma, herniation, and decreased cosmesis [2, 3].


laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery laparoscopy LESS single-site surgery 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Urogynecology and Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery, Advanced Surgical Specialties for WomenCarolinas Healthcare SystemCharlotteUSA
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of North Carolina-Chapel HillCharlotteUSA
  3. 3.Mercy Medical PlazaCharlotteUSA
  4. 4.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyMercy Medical PlazaCharlotteUSA

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