Comparison of Approaches Made to Enhance Pupils’ Numeracy Skill

  • Nur Faizura Ahmad Fuadi
  • Muhammad Fakri Othman
  • Norhalina Senan
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 700)


This paper compares between four instructional design approaches used to enhance pupils’ numeracy skill. A literature review performed on four approaches that have potential in enhancing pupil’s numeracy skill. Those approaches are e-Learning, Mobile Learning, Gamification and Problem Based Learning (PBL). The review focuses on design and development of the selected approaches and compares those approaches based on previous studies. The literature survey suggests that e-Learning and gamification are the most suitable instructional design tools to enhance pupils’ numeracy skill.


Instructional design approaches Numeracy skill Pupils 



This research was supported by a Geran Penyelidikan Pascasiswazah (GPPS) from Research, Innovation, Commercialization, Consultancy Office (ORICC), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (vot number: U816), Short Term Grant U367 and Gates IT Solution Sdn Bhd.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nur Faizura Ahmad Fuadi
    • 1
  • Muhammad Fakri Othman
    • 1
  • Norhalina Senan
    • 1
  1. 1.Universiti Tun Hussein Onn MalaysiaParit Raja, Batu PahatMalaysia

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