Agglomeration of Ash-Based Fertilizer Mixtures from Biomass Combustion and Digestate

  • Krzysztof Mudryk
  • Jarosław Frączek
  • Marek Wróbel
  • Marcin Jewiarz
  • Krzysztof Dziedzic
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)

Abstract

The production of fertilizers based on high quality waste materials is a highly important problem in environmental protection, mainly due to the protection of natural mineral resources. In addition, the combination of organic and mineral raw materials makes these fertilizers innovative in the fertilizer economy. As the research material unique mixtures of mineral and organic substances mixture were used. The main components were ash from biomass combustion power plant in the Połaniec and the digestate from a biogas plant located in Piekoszów. Sulfur and phosphorite were used as components to enhance the fertilizer value of the tested prototype blends (variant A). There were also blends supplemented with urea (variant B) to add nitrogen to composition. During the tests the energy consumption of the granulation process was determined and the quality of the obtained granules was determined by specifying envelope density, bulk density and mechanical durability.

Keywords

Fertilizer granules Agglomeration techniques Quality features Density 

References

  1. 1.
    Lemański, J.: Ekologiczne aspekty zagospodarowania popiołów z elektrociepłowni, Poznań, 17–18 październik 1995Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Meller, E., Bilenda, E.: Wpływ popiołów ze spalania biomasy na właściwości fizykochemiczne gleb lekkich. POLITYKA ENERGETYCZNA, Tom 15 Zeszyt 3 (2012). ISSN 1429-6675Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schiemenz, K., Eichler-Löbermann, B.: Biomass ashes and their phosphorus fertilizing effect on different crops. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst. 87(3), 471–48 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ots, K., Tilk, M., Aguraijuja, K.: The effect of oil shale ash and mixtures of wood ash and oil shale ash on the above- and belowground biomass formation of Silver birch and Scots pine seedlings on a cutaway peatland. Ecol. Eng. Sept 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.09.002
  5. 5.
    Zapałowska, A., Puchalski, C., Hury, G., Makarewicz, A.: Influence of fertilization with the use of biomass ash and sewage sludge on the chemical composition of Jerusalem artichoke used for energy-related purposes. J. Ecol. Eng. 18(5), 235–245 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.12911/22998993/76214 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Baryga, A., Połeć, B., Małczak, E.: Technological value of raw materials from sugar beet growing area fertilized with digestate from sugar beet pulp biogas plant. Plant Soil Environ. 63, 207–212 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen, R., Blagodatskaya, E., Senbayram, M., Blagodatsky, S., Myachina, O., Dittert, K., Kuzyakov, Y.: Decomposition of biogas residues in soil and their effects on microbial growth kinetics and enzyme activities. Biomass Bioenerg. 45, 221–229 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2012.06.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lošák, T., Zatloukalová, A., Szostková, M., Hlušek, J., Fryč Vítěz, T.: Comparison of the effectiveness of digestate and mineral fertilisers on yields and quality of kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea, L.). Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 59, 117–122 (2011). doi: https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201159030117

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Production and Power EngineeringUniversity of Agriculture in KrakowKrakowPoland

Personalised recommendations