Modeling and Simulation of Biomass Drying Using Artificial Neural Networks

  • Sławomir Francik
  • Bogusława Łapczyńska-Kordon
  • Renata Francik
  • Artur Wójcik
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)

Abstract

Willow (Salix viminalis) is a moist material after the crops. Therefore, the content of water in this type of material has to be lowered by drying before any further mechanical or thermal processing, in order to increase its calorific value. The process of drying is energy-intensive. Thus it is advisable to search for optimal methods and parameters of drying. The optimisation requires evolving a model that is based on the crucial parameters of the process. One of the possible solutions is to apply models of Artificial Neural Networks. Artificial Neural Networks belong to the group of methods of artificial computational intelligence and are often used in modelling various phenomena and processes. The aim of this work was to develop models using Artificial Neural Networks to describe the process of convective drying of the willow woodchips. As a result of presented work we obtained neural models describing alterations of water content, changes of the temperature and the mass of the chips. The presented models are highly accurate. We used experimentally obtained data in order to validate the models. It is important to underline that the data were not applied while the artificial neural networks were being developed. Subsequently, the models were used to simulate the process of drying what allowed us to define the optimal parameters of drying willow woodchips characterised by different moisture content.

Keywords

Biomass Willow (Salix viminalis) chips Drying Model Artificial neural networks 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland (statutory activities DS-3600/WIPiE/2017, Faculty of Production and Power Engineering, University of Agriculture in Krakow).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sławomir Francik
    • 1
  • Bogusława Łapczyńska-Kordon
    • 1
  • Renata Francik
    • 2
  • Artur Wójcik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Agrophysics, Faculty of Production and Power EngineeringUniversity of Agriculture in KrakowKrakówPoland
  2. 2.Chair of Organic Chemistry, Department of Bioorganic ChemistryJagiellonian University Medical CollegeKrakowPoland

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