The Formation of Particulate Matter During the Combustion of Different Fuels and Air Temperatures

  • Nikola KantováEmail author
  • Radovan Nosek
  • Michal Holubčík
  • Jozef Jandačka
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


Particulate matter (PM) belongs to significant pollutants threatening human health. Therefore, it is important to pay attention on these solid emissions. Several factors, such as type of fuel, quantity and temperature of the combustion air, operation conditions and design of heat source etc., influence on their formation. The aim of this work is investigation of fuel type and various inlet air temperatures on PM formation. The above mentioned parameters were measured in wood stove. In the first stage of the research, there were measured following fuels: beech, spruce wood, birch with bark and birch without bark. The results show that higher PM concentrations were measured during the combustion of birch with bark. The outcome of these analyses is the negative effect of bark on PM formation. In the second stage, there was investigated the effect of different combustion air temperatures on PM formation. Based on the measured results, it can be concluded, that temperature of combustion air has not influence on PM concentration, but it has influence on heat power.


Particulate matter Fuels Combustion Air temperature 



This work has been supported by the project KEGA 046ŽU-4/2016 “Unconventional systems using renewable energy”.


  1. 1.
    Nigusie, K.G.: Reduction of fine particle and deposit forming alkali by co-combustion of peat with wood pellets in 150 kWth grate firing boiler. [online]. Masterˈs thesisGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Guan, L., Harvel, G., Parl, S., Chang, J.S.: Dust flow separator type electrostatic precipitator for a particulate matter emission control from natural gas combution. [online]Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tissari, J.: Fine particle emissions from residential wood combustion. [online]. Doctoral dissertation (2008)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vantúch, M., Jandačka, J., Čaja, A.: Emission production from the incineration of municipal waste and coal in heat sources for solid fuel. Appl. Mech. Mater. 832, 18–22 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Johansson, L.S., Tullin, C., Leckner, B., Sjovall, P.: Particle emissions from biomass combustion in small combustors. [online]. Biomass Bioenerg. 25(4), 435–446 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Van Loo, S., Koppejan, J. (eds.): Handbook of biomass combustion and co-firing. Twenty University Press, Enchede (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Koziriski, J.A., Saade, R.: Effect of biomass burning on the formation of soot particles and heavy hydrocarbons. An experimental study. [online]. Fuel 77(4), 225–237 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikola Kantová
    • 1
    Email author
  • Radovan Nosek
    • 1
  • Michal Holubčík
    • 1
  • Jozef Jandačka
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Power EngineeringUniversity of ŽilinaŽilinaSlovakia

Personalised recommendations