Geothermal Energy in Poland. Selected Aspects of Geothermal Resources Development

  • Anna SowiżdżałEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


Geothermal energy is an ecological, renewable energy source. However, its effective utilization depends on many different factors, related to (i) hydrogeothermal conditions of the region, (ii) proper design of the investment and (iii) formal and legal framework. The characteristic features of geothermal investments are high investment expenditures resulted mostly from high drilling costs of geothermal wells. Hence, the critical element facilitating the utilization of geothermal energy is the financial support in the form of government grants or loans. Recently, geothermal resources in Poland are relatively underdeveloped as only 6 geothermal plants are in operation together with spa-and-wellness, and therapeutical centers. Geothermal potential confirmed by extended scientific studies is much higher, particularly in the Polish Lowlands where both the Lower Cretaceous and the Lower Jurassic aquifers reveal favourable hydrogeothermal conditions suitable for effective development of geothermal resources. The following paper presents the currently recognized geological conditions, which control the size of geothermal resources and macroeconomic determinants (financial support, energy prices), which control the operation of geothermal installations in Poland.


Geothermal energy Poland Geothermal resources Financial support 



The paper prepared under AGH-UST statutory research grant No.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fossil Fuel, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental ProtectionAGH University of Science and TechnologyKrakowPoland

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