Effect of Storing on Fertilizing Properties of Sewage Sludge

  • Marcin LandratEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


The disposal of sewage sludge may be combined with its economic utilization. It depends on the physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics of the substance and the manner of sludge treatment. Organic, but also inhibiting substances (pathogenic microorganisms, heavy metals, etc.) included in the sludge may determine the manner of its management or disposal, e.g. through agricultural utilization or combustion. In case of agricultural utilization, this manner of sludge management is also influenced by the specificity of agricultural cultivation and periods of the reclamation of agricultural lands. Thus, the problem of periodic storage and the possibility of its effects on changes of sewage sludge properties occurs. The article presents results of research concerning changes of basic fertilizing properties of sludge during its year-long storage in field conditions. The research analysed, among others, changes of the content of organic substance, organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus.


Sewage sludge Fuel properties Fertilizing properties 


  1. 1.
    Krajowy Plan Gospodarki Odpadami (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Miksch, K.: Biotechnologia środowiska. Fundacja Ekologiczna Silesia, Katowice (1995)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kozioł, M., Landrat, M., Ścierski, W.: Changing of thermal properties of sewage sludge during its open-air storage. SET2011. In: 10th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies, Istanbul (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Budzinska, K., Jurek, A., Michalska, M., Berlec, K., Szejniuk, B.: Dynamics of changes in bacterial microflora of stored sewage sludge. Rocznik Ochrona Srodowiska 11, 1155–1164 (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Xua, H., Hea, P., Wanga, G., Shaoa, L., Lee, D.: Anaerobic storage as a pretreatment for enhanced biodegradability of dewatered sewage sludge. Biores. Technol. 102(2), 667–671 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hillman, J., Hill, J., Wilkinson, J.M.: Effect of season of application on the adhesion, retention and recontamination of herbage by potentially toxic metals and sewage sludge. Sci. Total Environ. 333(1–3), 283–293 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Torri, R.S., Lavado, S.I.: Dynamics of Cd, Cu and Pb added to soil through different kinds of sewage sludge. Waste Manag. 28(5), 821–832 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    García-Orenes, F., Roldán, A., Guerrero, C., Mataix-Solera, J., Navarro-Pedreño, J., Gómez, I., Mataix-Beneyto, J.: Effect of irrigation on the survival of total coliforms in three semiarid soils after amendment with sewage sludge. Waste Manag. 27(12), 1815–1819 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kowalik, P.: Ochrona środowiska glebowego. Wyd PWN, Warszawa (2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Urbaniak, M.: Przerób i wykorzystanie osadów ze ścieków komunalnych. Wyd Ekoinżynieria, Lublin Łódź (1997)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bień, J.: Osady ściekowe. Teoria i praktyka. Wyd. Politechniki Częstochowskiej, Częstochowa (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Skalmowski, K.: Poradnik gospodarowania odpadami. Verlag Dashofer, Warszawa (2009)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Górna, A.: Badania właściwości nawozowych osadów ściekowych, Praca dyplomowa magisterska pod kier. M. Landrata, Gliwice (2011)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    PN-Z-15011-3: 2001. Compost from municipal waste—Determination: pH, organic matter content, organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (2001)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    PN-EN 16169: 2012 Sludge, treated biowaste and soil—Determination of nitrogen by the Kjeldahl method (2012)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    PN-EN 15934: 2013-02 Sludge, treated biowaste, soil and waste—Determination of dry matter by determining the dry matter content or water content (2013)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    PN-EN 15933: 2013-02E Sludge, treated biowaste and soil—Determination of pH (2013)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    PN-G-97051-16: 1989, Determination of yield of toluene extract (bitumin), content of resin in the extract and content of humic acids in lignite (1989)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    PN-EN 14672: 2006P Characterization of sludges—Determination of total phosphorus (2006)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    PN-ISO 9297: 1994P Water quality—Determination of chloride—Silver nitrate titration with chromate indicator (Mohr’s method) (1994)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Technologies and Installations for Waste ManagementSilesian University of TechnologyGliwicePoland

Personalised recommendations