Advertisement

Stimulatory Impact of Stymjod on Sorghum Plant Growth, Physiological Activity and Biomass Production in Field Conditions

  • Zdzislawa Romanowska-Duda
  • Mieczyslaw Grzesik
  • Regina Janas
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)

Abstract

The effects of a new generation ecological nano-organic-mineral fertilizer Stymjod made by PHU Jeznach Sp.J., Poland [1], applied 1 and 2 times to sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) plants at concentration of 0.1–3.0% on their growth in field conditions and physiological activity were studied, in order to explore the possibility of increasing energy biomass yield. Stymjod applied to plants, greatly increased dynamics of their growth, fresh and dry biomass yield. These improvements were associated with a greater activity of the selected physiological events which make the essential impact on plant development and production of biomass, including activity of enzymes: acid (pH = 6.0), alkaline (pH = 7.5) phosphatase, RNase and dehydrogenase. The growth of plants was related to the increased physiological activities in leaves, measured by the index of chlorophyll content, net photosynthesis, transpiration and stomatal conductance and intercellular CO2 concentration. The increased growth of sorghum plants and their biomass yield were determined by the percentage and number of applications of the studied biological compound to leaves. Stymjod applied to plants at concentration of 1.5–3% was most effective in increasing the plant growth, fresh and dry biomass yield and physiological activity in leaves than 0.1–0.75%. Similarly, its double application was more effective in improving growth of plants. The positive effect of Stymjod on development, biomass yield and physiological activity of plants indicates its suitability in sorghum cultivation, which may limit the use of synthetic fertilizers, favorably affect the environment and reduce the amount of toxic substances in plants.

Keywords

Sorghum Growth Biomass production 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research was financed by National Center for Research and Development in Poland, Grant BIOSTRATEG2/296369/5/NCBR/2016.

References

  1. 1.
    P.H.U. Jeznach SPJ. 2017 www.phu-jeznach.com.pl
  2. 2.
    Piotrowski, K., Romanowska-Duda, Z., Grzesik, M.: How Biojodis and Cyanobacteria alleviate the negative influence of predicted environmental constraints on growth and physiological activity of corn plants. Polish. J. of Environ. Stud. 25(2), 741–751 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.15244/pjoes/60894
  3. 3.
    Grzesik, M., Romanowska-Duda, Z.B.: The effect of potential climatic changes, Cyanobacteria, Biojodis and Asahi SL on development of the Virginia fanpetals (Sida hermaphrodita L.) plants. Pamiętnik Puławski 151, 483–491 (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jeznach, A.: Effect of iodine on the cabbage fruits ontogenesis and seed quality. M. Sc. thesis. WSEH Skierniewice, Poland (Pol) 1–68 (2011)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Grzesik, M., Romanowska-Duda, Z., Kalaji, H.M.: Effectiveness of cyanobacteria and green algae in enhancing the photosynthetic performance and growth of willow (Salix viminalis L.) plants under limited synthetic fertilizers application. Photosynthetica 55(3), 510–521 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11099-017-0716-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Knypl, J.S., Kabzińska, E.: Growth, phosphatase and ribonuclease activity in phosphate deficient Spirodela oligorrhiza cultures. Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen. 17, 279–287 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pandey, D.K.: Ageing of French bean seeds at ambient temperature in relation to vigour and viability. Seed Sci. Technol. 17(1), 41–47 (1989)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gornik, K., Grzesik, M.: Effect of Asahi SL on China aster ‘Aleksandra’ seed yield, germination and some metabolic events. Acta Physiol. Plantarum. 24(4), 379–383 (2002).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-002-0033-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Smoleń, S., Sady, W. Wierzbinska, J.: The effect of KI and KO3 fertilization on iodine uptake, efficiency and content of mineral elements in leaves in tomato cultivated in hydroponics (NFT System). Ochrona Środowiska I Zasobów Naturalnych 48 (2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Smoleń S., Sady W.: Influence of iodine fertilization and soil application of sucrose on the effectiveness of iodine biofortification, yield, nitrogen metabolism and biological quality of spinach. Acta Sci. Pol., Hortorum Cultus 10(4), 51–63 (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tsunogai, S., Sase, T.: Formation of iodide-iodine in the ocean. Deep-Sea Res. 16, 489–496 (1969)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wong, G.T.F., Hung, C.C.: Speciation of dissolved iodine: integrating nitrate uptake overtime in the oceans. Cont. Shelf Res. 21, 113–128 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hung, C.C., Wong, G.T.F., Dunstan, W.M.: Iodate reduction activity in nitrate reductase extracts from marine phytoplankton. Bull. Mar. Sci. 76(1), 61–72 (2005)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Strzetelski, P., Smoleń, S., Rożek, S., Sady, W.: The effect of diverse iodine fertilization on nitrate accumulation and content of selected compounds in radish plants (Raphanus sativus L.). Acta Sci. Pol. Hort. Cult. 9(2), 65–73 (2010)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Babik, J.: Evaluation of the suitability of Biojodis for use in vegetable cultivation. Report of the Research Institute of Vegetables Crops in Skierniewice, Poland (Pol) 1–9. (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zdzislawa Romanowska-Duda
    • 1
  • Mieczyslaw Grzesik
    • 2
  • Regina Janas
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Plant Ecophysiology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental ProtectionUniversity of LodzLodzPoland
  2. 2.Department of Nursery and Seed ResearchResearch Institute of HorticultureSkierniewicePoland

Personalised recommendations