Review of Ash Deposition Coefficients for Selected Biomasses

Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)

Abstract

Ambitious EU environmental policy decreasing CO2 emissions from combustion of fossil fuels impact on whole EU economy. Utilization of biomass as carbon neutral fuel helps to address these challenges Combustion and co-combustion of biomass, especially agriculture residue biomass, is associated with many technical problems such us: bed agglomeration, slagging and fouling, chlorine corrosion, decreased boiler efficiency which do not occur in conventional fossil fuels combustion. In this study six fuels were investigated on their deposition ability (2 types of straw, Miscanthus and herbaceous pellets, RDF—Refuse-Derived Fuel and reference coal). Biomasses were selected as the most commonly used in Polish and German power industry. Analysis comprised chlorine and sulphur contents of the fuel, ash oxides analysis and ash fusion temperatures. The main objectives of this work were to predict ash deposition tendency of chosen fuels using ash deposition indices and compare it with reference fuel. Next weaknesses of selected indicators are pointed out.

Keywords

Biomass Ash deposition Slagging Fouling Combustion 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research was funded by BioEffGen project (Advanced pretreatment and characterization of Biomass for Efficient Generation of heat and power) funded by National Centre of Research and Development in STAIR program “Polish–German sustainability research call”.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Silesian University of Technology, Institute of Power Engineering and TurbomachineryGliwicePoland

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