Turkey in the UN Funding System: A Comparative Analysis with the BRICS Countries (2010–2013)

  • Emel Parlar Dal
  • Ali Murat Kurşun


This chapter seeks to locate Turkey in the UN funding system in comparison with its BRICS peers so as to investigate to which UN agencies and funds most specifically it has been contributing voluntary aid between 2010 and 2013. Drawing largely on UN data, this study tests Turkey’s financial contribution to the UN system as compared to its BRICS peers with the help of an integrated methodology using Global Governance Contribution Index (GGCI) and Voluntary Financial Contribution Data. One of the main findings of the chapter is that given Turkey’s funding behaviours in the UN system, Turkey cannot be considered an effective multilateral funding actor among the rising powers. Turkey is ranked as the lowest contributing country in terms of financial contribution compared to the five BRICS countries. Turkey shows a relatively better performance in the categories of global health and poverty and humanitarian relief, which have emerged as niche diplomacy areas during the last decade. In the final analysis, the chapter concludes that a more comprehensive policy and academic understanding are needed, and more efforts should be devoted to providing a detailed picture of the role of rising actors, including Turkey, in the UN funding system.


  1. Abdenur, Adriana Erthal, and Maiara Folly. 2015. The New Development Bank and the Institutionalization of the BRICS. Revolutions: Global Trends & Regional Issues 3 (1): 66–92.Google Scholar
  2. Acharya, Amitav. 2017. After Liberal Hegemony: The Advent of a Multiplex World Order. Ethics & International Affairs 31 (3): 271–285. Scholar
  3. Al, Arzu. 2016. Küresel Ekonomik Yönetişimin Geleceği: Avro Krizi-AB-IMF Etkileşimi. In Küresel Yönetişim, Güvenlik ve Aktörler: 70. Yılında BM, ed. Emel Parlar Dal, Gonca Oğuz Gök, and Tolga Sakman, 447–459. Istanbul: Tasam Yayınları.Google Scholar
  4. Alexandroff, Alan S., Andrew Fenton Cooper, Centre for International Governance Innovation, and Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, eds. 2010. Rising States, Rising Institutions: Challenges for Global Governance. Waterloo/Washington, DC: Centre for International Governance Innovation/Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
  5. Burcu, Bayram A., and Erin R. Graham. 2015. Financing Global Governance: Explaining Donor Funding Patterns at International Organizations. Unpublished Proceeding.
  6. “Financing the UN Development System: Pathways to Reposition for Agenda 2030.” 2017. Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation.
  7. Graham, Erin R. 2016. The Institutional Design of Funding Rules at International Organizations: Explaining the Transformation in Financing the United Nations. European Journal of International Relations.
  8. Güven, Ali Burak. 2017. Defending Supremacy: How the IMF and the World Bank Navigate the Challenge of Rising Powers. International Affairs 93 (5): 1149–1166. Scholar
  9. Hausmann, Jeannine. 2014. Turkey as a Donor Country and Potential Partner in Triangular Cooperation. Discussion Paper/Deutsches Institut Für Entwicklungspolitik, 14/2014. Bonn: Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik.Google Scholar
  10. Hausmann, Jeannine, and Erik Lundsgaarde. 2015. Turkey’s Role in Development Cooperation. United Nations University Centre for Policy Research.
  11. Hurrell, Andrew. 2013. Narratives of Emergence: Rising Powers and the End of the Third World? Revista de Economia Política 33 (2): 203–221.Google Scholar
  12. Ikenberry, G. John. 2015. The Future of Multilateralism: Governing the World in a Post-Hegemonic Era. Japanese Journal of Political Science 16 (3): 399–413. Scholar
  13. Nel, Philip. 2010. Redistribution and Recognition: What Emerging Regional Powers Want. Review of International Studies 36 (04): 951–974. Scholar
  14. Nel, Philip, Dirk Nabers, and Melanie Hanif. 2012. Introduction: Regional Powers and Global Redistribution. Global Society 26 (3): 279–287. Scholar
  15. Parlar Dal, Emel. 2016. Conceptualising and Testing the ‘Emerging Regional Power’ of Turkey in the Shifting International Order. Third World Quarterly 37 (8): 1425–1453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. ———. 2018. Profiling Middle Powers in Global Governance and the Turkish Case: An Introduction. In Middle Powers in Global Governance: The Rise of Turkey. London: Palgrave Macmillan Press.Google Scholar
  17. Parlar Dal, Emel, and Ali Murat Kurşun. 2016. Assessing Turkey’s Middle Power Foreign Policy in MIKTA: Goals, Means, and Impact. International Journal: Canada’s Journal of Global Policy Analysis 71 (4): 608–629. Scholar
  18. Parlar Dal, Emel, and Ali Murat Kurşun. 2018. Assessing Turkey’s New Global Governance Strategies: The G20 Example. In Middle Powers in Global Governance: The Rise of Turkey. London: Palgrave Macmillan Press.Google Scholar
  19. Quadir, Fahimul. 2013. Rising Donors and the New Narrative of ‘South–South’ Cooperation: What Prospects for Changing the Landscape of Development Assistance Programmes? Third World Quarterly 34 (2): 321–338. Scholar
  20. Wang, Hongying, and Erik French. 2013. Middle Range Powers in Global Governance. Third World Quarterly 34 (6): 985–999. Scholar
  21. Weiss, Thomas G. 2016. Rising Powers, Global Governance, and the United Nations. Rising Powers Quarterly 1 (2): 7–19.Google Scholar
  22. Weiss, Thomas G., and Adriana Erthal Abdenur. 2014. Introduction: Emerging Powers and the UN – What Kind of Development Partnership? Third World Quarterly 35 (10): 1749–1758. Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emel Parlar Dal
    • 1
  • Ali Murat Kurşun
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Political SciencesMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations