Advertisement

Philosophical Foundation

  • Jan A. P. Hoogervorst
Chapter
Part of the The Enterprise Engineering Series book series (TEES)

Abstract

No scientific endeavor is possible without considering philosophical viewpoints, such as about truth and knowledge. This chapter reflects on these topics and will show how the ‘mechanization of the worldview’ developed, leading to the mechanization of enterprises and the elimination of moral considerations, which subsequently eliminates the very possibility of practicing the employee-centric theory of organization. Normative and ethical issues about what is good and right are, however, inevitable in the case of society and enterprises. Ultimately, philosophical viewpoints determine how social and organization science is conducted, hence how society and enterprises are perceived, studied, and arranged. Since enterprises are social entities, the philosophical foundation further provides essential viewpoints about human existence and interaction, whereby communication and language are important aspects. Philosophical viewpoints about communication and language are thus of specific importance for modeling and designing enterprises. The chapter concludes by sketching the implications of the philosophical foundation for enterprise governance and enterprise engineering.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adorno, T., Horkheimer, M.: Dialectic of Enlightenment. Continuum, New York (1993)Google Scholar
  2. Alonso, M., Finn, E.J.: University Physics Vol. III. Quantum and Statistical Physics. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA (1968)Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, J.: Vrijheid door betrokkenheid: Strawson en Habermas tegen vrije-wil scepticisme. In: Sie, M. (ed.) Hoezo vrije wil? Lemniscaat, Rotterdam (2011)Google Scholar
  4. Atkinson, R.L., Atkinson, R.C., Smith, E.E., Bem, D.J.: Introduction to Psychology. Harcourt Brace, Fort Worth, TX (1993)Google Scholar
  5. Austin, J.L.: How to Do Things with Words. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1962)Google Scholar
  6. Austin, J.L.: Performative utterances. In: Tillman, F.A., Berofsky, B., O’Connor, J. (eds.) Introductory Philosophy. Harper and Row, New York (1967)Google Scholar
  7. Ayer, A.J.: The Problem of Knowledge. Macmillan, London (1954)Google Scholar
  8. Ayer, A.J.: The Central Questions of Philosophy. Weidenfeld and Nicholson, London (1973)Google Scholar
  9. Bach, K.: Speech acts and pragmatics. In: Devitt, M., Hanley, R. (eds.) Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Language. Blackwell, Oxford (2006)Google Scholar
  10. Bach, K., Harnish, P.M.: Linguistic Communication of Speech Acts. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA (1979)Google Scholar
  11. Bakker, R.: De geschiedenis van het fenomenologisch denken. Het Spectrum, Utrecht (1974)Google Scholar
  12. Bakker, R.: Merleau-Ponty. Wereldvenster, Baarn (1975)Google Scholar
  13. Bakker, M., Flameling, J.: Richard Rorty. In: Doorman, M., Pott, H. (eds.) Filosofen van deze tijd. Bakker, Amsterdam (2002)Google Scholar
  14. Beck, L.W.: Philosophical Inquiry. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ (1952)Google Scholar
  15. Berger, P., Luckmann, T.: The Social Construction of Reality. Penguin, London (1967)Google Scholar
  16. Billington, R.: Understanding Eastern Philosophy. Routledge, London (1997)Google Scholar
  17. Bor, J.: Een (nieuwe) geschiedenis van de filosofie. Bert Bakker, Amsterdam (2011)Google Scholar
  18. Brockman, J. (ed.): What We Believe But Cannot Prove. Pocket, London (2006)Google Scholar
  19. Brooks, M.: 13 Things That Don’t Make Sense: The Most Baffling Scientific Mysteries of Our Time. Vintage, New York (2009)Google Scholar
  20. Burrell, G., Morgan, G.: Sociological Paradigms and Organizational Analysis. Ashgate, London (1992)Google Scholar
  21. Butler, C.: Postmodernism. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2002)Google Scholar
  22. Capra, F.: The Tao of Physics. Shambhala, Boston, MA (1991)Google Scholar
  23. Casti, J.: Paradigms Lost. Avon, New York (1990)Google Scholar
  24. Chisholm, R.M.: Theory of Knowledge. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ (1989)Google Scholar
  25. Clifford, W.K.: The Ethics of Belief, 1887. In: Lectures and Essays, vol. 2. Macmillan, London (1901)Google Scholar
  26. Delfgauw, B.: Kierkegaard. Kok Agora, Kampen (1995)Google Scholar
  27. Dennet, D.C.: Darwin’s Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meaning of Life. Simon and Schuster, New York (1995)Google Scholar
  28. Dijksterhuis, E.J.: The Mechanization of the World Picture: Pythagoras to Newton. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press (1986)Google Scholar
  29. Donner, M., Eble, K.E., Hebling, R.E.: The Intellectual Tradition of the West, vol. 2. Scott, Foresmann, Glenview (1968)Google Scholar
  30. Doorman, S.J.: Lecture Notes on the Philosophy of Science, Delft University of Technology (1974)Google Scholar
  31. Doyle, J.: Extending Mechanics to Minds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2006)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Dreyfus, H.L.: Heidegger on the connection between nihilism, art, technology, and politics. In: Guignon, C. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1993)Google Scholar
  33. Driver, J.: Ethics, The Fundamentals. Blackwell, Oxford (2007)Google Scholar
  34. Duhem, P.: Scientific explanation. In: Tillman, F.A., Berofsky, B., O’Connor, J. (eds.) Introductory Philosophy. Harper and Row, New York (1967)Google Scholar
  35. Dupuy, J.P.: The Mechanization of the Mind. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press (2000)Google Scholar
  36. Ellul, J.: The Technological Society. Alfred A Knopf, New York (1964)Google Scholar
  37. Ellul, J.: The technological order. In: Micham, L., Mackey, R. (eds.) Philosophy and Technology. Free, New York (1972)Google Scholar
  38. Feyerabend, P.: Against Method. Verso, New York (1993)Google Scholar
  39. Feynman, R.P.: The Character of Physical Law. Penguin, London (1965)Google Scholar
  40. Fine, G.: Plato on Knowledge and Forms. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2003)Google Scholar
  41. Finlayson, J.G.: Habermas. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Frissen, P.H.A.: De Fatale Staat. Van Gennep, Amsterdam (2013)Google Scholar
  43. Gettier, E.: Is justified true belief knowledge? Analysis. 26(6), 123–123 (1963)Google Scholar
  44. Guignon, C. (ed.): The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1993)Google Scholar
  45. Habermas, J.: Theorie und Praxis. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am Main (1971)Google Scholar
  46. Habermas, J.: Theory of Communicative Action. Vol. 1: Reason and the Rationalization of Society. Beacon, Boston, MA (1984)Google Scholar
  47. Habermas, J.: Theory of Communicative Action. Vol. 2: Lifeworld and System: A Critique of Functionalist Reason. Beacon, Boston, MA (1987)Google Scholar
  48. Habermas, J.: Texte und Kontexte. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am Main (1991)Google Scholar
  49. Hampden-Turner, C., Trompenaars, F.: Zeven gezichten van het kapitalisme. Contact, Amsterdam (1994)Google Scholar
  50. Harari, Y.N.: Homo Deus. A Brief History of Tomorrow. Vintage, London (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Heijenoort, J. van: From Frege to Gödel: A Source Book in Mathematical Logic. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA (1967)Google Scholar
  52. Hempel, C.G.: Philosophy of Natural Science. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ (1966)Google Scholar
  53. Hofstadter, D.R., Dennet, D.C.: The Mind’s I. Penguin, New York (1982)Google Scholar
  54. Hofstede, G.: Cultures Consequences. International Differences in Work-Related Values. Sage, Beverly-Hills, CA (1986)Google Scholar
  55. Hofstede, G.: Culture and Organizations. McGraw-Hill, London (1991)Google Scholar
  56. Hoogervorst, J.A.P.: Practicing Enterprise Governance and Enterprise Engineering—Applying the Employee-Centric Theory of Organization. Springer, Berlin (2018)Google Scholar
  57. Hoogervorst, J.A.P., van der Flier, H., Koopman, P.L.: Implicit communication in organizations: the impact of culture, structure and management practices on employee behavior. J. Manag. Psychol. 19(3), 288–311 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Hord, F.L., Lee, J.S. (eds.): I Am Because We Are. Readings in Black Philosophy. University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst (1995)Google Scholar
  59. Hoy, D.C.: Heidegger and the hermeneutic turn. In: Guignon, C. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1993)Google Scholar
  60. Huntington, S.P.: The Clash of Civilizations. Touchstone, London (1998)Google Scholar
  61. James, W.: The Sentiments of Rationality, 1948. In: Donner, M., Eble, K.E., Hebling, R.E., The Intellectual Tradition of the West, vol. 2. Scott, Foresmann, Glenview (1968)Google Scholar
  62. Jaspers, K.: Was ist Philosophie? Piper, Munchen (1976)Google Scholar
  63. Jeffrey, R.C.: Formal Logic, Its Scope and Limits. McGraw-Hill, New York (1967)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  64. Kant, I.: Critique of Pure Reason, 1781. In: Tillman, F.A., Berofsky, B., O’Connor, J., Introductory Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, (1967)Google Scholar
  65. Kant, I.: Prolegomena, 1782. Dutch Translation, Boom, Amsterdam (1999)Google Scholar
  66. Kauffman, S.A.: Reinventing the Sacred. Basic, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  67. Keat, R.: Social Theory: Habermas, Freud and the Critique of Positivism. Basil Blackwell, Oxford (1981)Google Scholar
  68. Khurana, R.: From Higher Aims to Hired Hands. The Social Transformation of American Business Schools and the Unfulfilled Promise of Management as a Profession. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ (2007)Google Scholar
  69. Kierkegaard, S.: The Present Age and of the Difference Between an Genius and an Apostle, 1846. English translation, Dru, A. Harper Torchbooks, New York (1962)Google Scholar
  70. Kolakowski, L.: Why Is There Something Rather than Nothing: 23 Questions from Great Philosophers. Basic, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  71. Kuhn, T.S.: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago University Press, Chicago, IL (1962)Google Scholar
  72. Kumar, M.: Quantum. Einstein, Bohr, and the Great Debate About the Nature of Reality. W.W. Norton, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  73. Lakatos, I.: The Methodology of Scientific Research Programs. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1978)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Lamme, V.: De vrije wil bestaat niet: Over wie echt de baas is in het brein. Prometheus, Amsterdam (2010)Google Scholar
  75. Libbrecht, U.: Oosterse filosofie. Davidsfonds, Leuven (1996)Google Scholar
  76. Livio, M.: Is God a Mathematician? Simon and Schuster, New York (2009)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  77. Lock, J.: Of the signification of words. In: Tillman, F.A., Berofsky, B., O’Connor, J. (eds.) Introductory Philosophy. Harper and Row, New York (1967)Google Scholar
  78. Locke, R.R.: The Collapse of the American Management Mystique. Oxford University Press, New York (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Luypen, W.A.M.: Fenomenologie van het natuurrecht. Spectrum, Utrecht (1969)Google Scholar
  80. Luypen, W.A.M.: Nieuwe inleiding in de existentiële fenomenologie. Spectrum, Utrecht (1971)Google Scholar
  81. Luypen, W.A.M.: Rechtvaardigheid. Tjeenk Willink, Zwolle (1975)Google Scholar
  82. Lycan, W.G.: Philosophy of Language. Routledge, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  83. Lyotard, J.F.: The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Manchester University Press, Manchester (1984)Google Scholar
  84. Magee, W.F.: A Source Book in Physics. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA (1969)Google Scholar
  85. McGee, R.: Sociology. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York (1980)Google Scholar
  86. McNeill, D., Freiberger, P.: Fuzzy Logic. Simon and Schuster, New York (1993)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  87. Mele, A.R.: Free. Why Science Hasn’t Disproved Free Will. Oxford University Press, New York (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Merleau-Ponty, M.: Phenomenology of Perception, 1945. Routledge Classics, London (2002)Google Scholar
  89. Mill, J.S.: On naming. In: Tillman, F.A., Berofsky, B., O’Connor, J. (eds.) Introductory Philosophy. Harper and Row, New York (1967)Google Scholar
  90. Möller, G.: Waardenloos. Barnyard, Bilthoven (2012)Google Scholar
  91. Morris, C.: Foundations of the Theory of Signs. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL (1938)Google Scholar
  92. Mumford, L.: Technics and Civilization. Routledge, London (1934)Google Scholar
  93. Mumford, L.: Technics and the Nature of Man. In: Micham, L., Mackey, R. (eds.) Philosophy and Technology. Free, New York (1972)Google Scholar
  94. Nagel, E., Newman, J.R.: Gödel’s Proof. New York University Press, New York (1958)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Needham, J.: Science in Traditional China. Harvard Business School Press, Boston, MA (1982)Google Scholar
  96. Nietzsche, F.: Die Fröliche Wissenschaft, 1882. Dutch translation: De vrolijke wetenschap. De Arbeiderspers, Amsterdam (1999)Google Scholar
  97. Nietzsche, F.: Der Wille zur Macht. Naumann, Leipzig, 1901. English translation: Kaufmann, W., Hollingdale, R.J., The Will to Power. Vintage, New York (1968)Google Scholar
  98. Noë, A.: Out of Our Heads: Why You Are Not Your Brain, and Other Lessons from the Biology of Consciousness. Hill and Wang, New York (2009)Google Scholar
  99. Nonaka, I., Takeuchi, H.: The Knowledge Creating Company. Oxford University Press, New York (1995)Google Scholar
  100. Ogden, C.K., Richards, I.A.: The Meaning of Meaning: A Study of the Influence of Language upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London (1923)Google Scholar
  101. Osborne, R.: Introducing Eastern Philosophy. Totem, Thriplow, Cambridge (2006)Google Scholar
  102. Pascal, B.: Gedachten, 1669. Boom, Amsterdam (1997)Google Scholar
  103. Pascale, R.T., Athos, A.G.: The Art of Japanese Management. Simon and Schuster, New York (1981)Google Scholar
  104. Peperstraten, F. van: Jean-François Lyotard. In: Doorman, M., Pott, H. (eds.) Filosofen van deze tijd. Bakker, Amsterdam (2002)Google Scholar
  105. Pettit, P.: Habermas on truth and justice. In: Parkinson, G.H.R. (ed.) Marx and Marxisms. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1982)Google Scholar
  106. Peursen, C.A.: Na het Postmodernisme. Kok Agora, Kampen (1994)Google Scholar
  107. Phillips, D.: Wittgenstein and Scientific Knowledge. Macmillan, London (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Popper, K.R.: The Poverty of Historicism. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London (1967)Google Scholar
  109. Popper, K.R.: Conjectures and Refutations. The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London (1978)Google Scholar
  110. Quine, W.V.: One Dogma of Empiricism, 1951. In: Donner, M., Eble, K.E., Hebling, R.E. The Intellectual Tradition of the West, vol. 2. Scott, Foresman, Glenview (1968)Google Scholar
  111. Quine, W.V.: Ontological relativity. J. Philos. 65(7), 185–212 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Randall, J.H., Buchler, J.: Philosophy: An Introduction. Barnes and Noble, New York (1969)Google Scholar
  113. Rorty, R.: Wittgenstein, Heidegger, and the reification of language. In: Guignon, C. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1993)Google Scholar
  114. Rothacker, E.: Philosophische Anthropologie. Bouvier, Bonn (1966)Google Scholar
  115. Russell, B.: The Problems of Philosophy. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1964)Google Scholar
  116. Russell, B.: The History of Western Philosophy. Simon and Schuster, New York (1967)Google Scholar
  117. Ryle, G.: The theory of meaning. In: Tillman, F.A., Berofsky, B., O’Connor, J. (eds.) Introductory Philosophy. Harper and Row, New York (1967)Google Scholar
  118. Safranski, R.: Heidegger en zijn tijd. Atlas, Amsterdam (1998)Google Scholar
  119. Sandel, M.: Justice. Ferrar, Strauss and Giroux, New York (2009)Google Scholar
  120. Schein, E.H.: Organizational Culture and Leadership. Wiley, New York (2004)Google Scholar
  121. Schlick, M.: Meaning and verification. In: Tillman, F.A., Berofsky, B., O’Connor, J. (eds.) Introductory Philosophy. Harper and Row, New York (1967)Google Scholar
  122. Schutter, D. de: Jacques Derrida. In: Doorman, M., Pott, H. (eds.) Filosofen van deze tijd. Bakker, Amsterdam (2002)Google Scholar
  123. Searle, J.P.: What is a speech act? In: Black, M. (ed.) Philosophy in America. Allen and Unwin, London (1965)Google Scholar
  124. Searle, J.P.: A classification of illocutionary acts. Lang. Soc. 5(1), 1–23 (1976)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Searle, J.P.: Literal meaning. Erkenntnis. 13(1), 207–224 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Sheehan, P.: Postmodernism and philosophy. In: Connor, S. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Postmodernism. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2004)Google Scholar
  127. Sie, M. (ed.): Hoezo vrije wil? Lemniscaat, Rotterdam (2011)Google Scholar
  128. Singer, P.: Hegel. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1983)Google Scholar
  129. Stewart, I.: Life’s Other Secret. The New Mathematics of the Living World. Penguin, London (1998)Google Scholar
  130. Strawson, P.F.: Freedom and Resentment. Methuen, London (1974)Google Scholar
  131. Swaab, D.: Wij zijn ons brein. Contact, Amsterdam (2010)Google Scholar
  132. Tarnas, R.: The Passion of the Western Mind. Pimlico, London (1991)Google Scholar
  133. Tillman, F.A., Berofsky, B., O’Connor, J.: Introductory Philosophy. Harper and Row, New York (1967)Google Scholar
  134. Turing, A.: Computer machinery and intelligence. In: Hostadter, D.R., Dennet, D.C. (eds.) The Mind’s I. Penguin, Hammondsworth (1982)Google Scholar
  135. Tymes, P.: Arnold Gehlen: het antropologisch vertrekpunt. In: Achterhuis, H. (ed.) De Maat van de Techniek. Ambo, Baarn (1992)Google Scholar
  136. Verbeek, P.P.: De grens van de mens. Over techniek, ethiek en de menselijke natuur. Lemniscaat, Rotterdam (2011)Google Scholar
  137. Verma, S.: The Cause of Mosquitoes’ Sorrow: Over Two Millennia of Scientific Breakthroughs, Beginnings, and Blunders. Icon, Cambridge (2007)Google Scholar
  138. Wegner, D.M.: The Illusion of the Free Will. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA (2002)Google Scholar
  139. White, H.: Postmodernism 101. Brazos, Grand Rapids, MI (2006)Google Scholar
  140. Wilson, E.O.: Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. Alfred A Knopf, New York (1998)Google Scholar
  141. Winograd, T., Flores, F.: Understanding Computers and Cognition. Addison-Wesley, Boston, MA (1986)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  142. Wit, H. de, Hopster, J.: Boeddhisme voor denkers. Ten Have, Utrecht (2014)Google Scholar
  143. Wittgenstein, L.: Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London (1961)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  144. Wittgenstein, L.: Philosophical Investigations. Wiley-Blackwell, London (2009)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  145. Wright Mills, C.: The Sociological Imagination. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2000)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan A. P. Hoogervorst
    • 1
  1. 1.BennebroekThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations