Ship-Based Monitoring of the Northern North Atlantic Ocean by the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology. The Main Results

  • Artem Sarafanov
  • Anastasia Falina
  • Alexey Sokov
  • Vyacheslav Zapotylko
  • Sergey Gladyshev
Part of the Springer Oceanography book series (SPRINGEROCEAN)


Since 1997, the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology has been carrying out ship-based monitoring of the water mass properties (temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients) and circulation in the northern North Atlantic over a section along 59.5° N from the southern tip of Greenland to Scotland. Since 2002, high precession full-depth measurements over the section have been made annually. The data set thus collected along with data from kindred projects (e.g., French Ovide) and historical data have been used by our group for studying the decadal variability of thermohaline properties and large-scale circulation in the water column, dense water formation, the Meridional overturning circulation, and the underlying mechanisms. The main results are summarized in this paper.



This work was performed in the framework of the state assignment of FASO Russia (theme No. 0149-2018-0003), and supported in part by the Russian Science Foundation, grant 14-50-00095.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Artem Sarafanov
    • 1
  • Anastasia Falina
    • 1
  • Alexey Sokov
    • 1
  • Vyacheslav Zapotylko
    • 1
  • Sergey Gladyshev
    • 1
  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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