Circular Economy: Fiscal and Non-Fiscal Tools

  • Robert C. Brears
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Natural Resource Management book series (PSNRM)


To develop the circular economy, governments at all levels can use a variety of fiscal tools to ensure the ‘hidden’ costs of production and consumption are accounted for in a cost-effective way. Governments can also use a variety of non-fiscal tools to promote the development and uptake of circular economy-related technologies and services by modifying the attitudes and behaviour of producers and consumers towards natural resources.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert C. Brears
    • 1
  1. 1.MitidaptionChristchurchNew Zealand

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