Comparative Assessment of the Income and Productivity Convergence of Albania and Western Balkans to the European Union

Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)


This paper aims to look into the convergence model of Albania within the Western Balkans and toward the European Union. The Western Balkan countries are stuck in transition as their rate of economic growth has slowed substantially compared to the pre-global crisis period. Thus the economic convergence evidenced in the convergence of incomes and productivity is put into question. The variables that are used in the study are the income per capita, growth rate, and income per worker in the Western Balkan countries and EU. The data are measured for the period 1995–2015 in order to build a sound data series for trend analysis. In the paper, it is concluded that the Balkan countries are converging among themselves and toward the EU, but the speed of convergence is moderated with the hit of global crises, and the recovery seems still difficult to the rate of precrises. The main question remains on promoting productivity of their growth factors for sustainable growth and competitiveness in the wider European market. The region has a number of political and geographical advantages and unexploited potentials to stimulate further investments and thus growth.


Economic convergence Economic growth Structural convergence Productivity 


  1. Abramovitz, M.: Inventories and Business Cycles with Special References to Manufacturer’s Inventories, NBER, 40–74 (1950)Google Scholar
  2. Barro, R.J., Sala-i-Martin, X.: Economic Growth and Convergence accross the United States, NBER Working Paper 3419 (1990)Google Scholar
  3. Barro, R.J., Sala-i-Martin, X.: Convergence. J. Polit. Econ. 100(2), 223–251 (1992)Google Scholar
  4. Matkowski, Z., Prochniak, M.: Real economic convergence in the EU accession countries. Int. J. Appl. Econ. Quant. Stud. 1–3, (2004)Google Scholar
  5. Meksi, E., Xhaja, E.: On economic convergence of Albania and other Balkan countries with EU. Int. J. Sci. Inno. New Technol. 1(13), 9–19 (2015)Google Scholar
  6. Myrdal, G.: Economic Theory and Underdeveloped Regions, published by Gerald Duckworth & co Ltd., (1957)Google Scholar
  7. Prebisch, R.: Commercial policy in the underdeveloped countries. The American Economic Review, Vol. 49, No. 2, Papers and Proceedings of the Seventy – First Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association (1959)Google Scholar
  8. Singer, H.W.: The distribution of gains between investing and borrowing countries. The American Economic Review Vol. 40, No. 2, Papers and Proceedings of the Sixty-Second Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association (1950)Google Scholar
  9. Solow, R.: A contribution to the theory of economic growth. Q. J. Econ. 70(1), 65–94 (1956)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Van Ark, B., Piatkowski, M.: Productivity, Innovation and ICT in Old and New Europe Research Memorandum GD-69. Groningen Growth and Development Centre, Groningen (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TiranaTiranaAlbania

Personalised recommendations