Conservation and Utilization of Indigenous Goats and Breeding of New Breeds in China



There are nearly 58 indigenous goat breeds in China, which are an important part of biodiversity and have many excellent characteristics, such as high fecundity, strong adaptability, stress resistance, and also disease resistance, especially in the harsh ecological conditions. Meanwhile, under long-term natural and artificial selection of indigenous goat breeds in China, goats possess significant differences in their production characteristics, are more closely related to human beings and the production diversification are referred to meat, milk, wool, cashmere, fur, lambskin, and so on. However, some local goat breeds became threatened with extinction or have already disappeared before necessary conservation efforts could be performed. Therefore, it needs great strategic significance to strengthen the protection of goat genetic resources and to achieve reasonable and effective result on the sustainable development of animal husbandry, meet the needs of human development. The goat breed resources protectorate and isolation belts have been established taking into account different goat breeds and climatic ecological environment in China, also with enhanced technical guidance including molecular technology provided to breed protectors and breeding in scientific methods, avoiding any kind of hybridization. At the same time, it is also necessary that build conservation centers and core breeding groups combine conservation with selective dynamic breeding. Over the past few decades, six new goat breeds were successfully bred in China, namely Nanjiang Yellow goat, Shanbei White Cashmere goat, Chaidamu Cashmere goat, Jianzhou Big Ear goat, Guanzhong Dairy goat, and Jinlan Cashmere goat. It will also be benefit for conservation and utilization of breeding resource.


  1. Bai YY, Tan XX, Zhu HW (2010) Germplasm characteristics and breeding strategy of Henan fat-tailed sheep. China Herbivores z1:144–147Google Scholar
  2. Cao BY, Luo J, Yao JH et al (2007) The nutritional value and characteristics of goat milk. J Anim Sci Vet Med 26(1):49–50Google Scholar
  3. Cao XH, Sui SX (2014) Introduction to cashmere fiber identification and inspection. China Fiber Insp 9:73–75Google Scholar
  4. Chang G (1998) Research on livestock genetic resources in China. Shaanxi people education press, Shaanxi, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen H, Pan MD (1998) Exploitation and utilization of goat wool. China Fiber Insp 9:1–3Google Scholar
  6. Chen X, Zhang FX, Jia RF et al (2013) Research on development of goat milk products. Acad Periodical Farm Prod Proc 9(238):46–48, 51Google Scholar
  7. Chen Y, Xiong CR, Zhang GJ et al (2012) Research on growth and development from birth to yearling of Nanjiang yellow goat. Chin Herbivores Sci s1:401–404Google Scholar
  8. Cheng WF, Li ZN (2011) The Relationship between the introduction of Boer goat and the breeding of local goat breeds in China. Sci Technol Inf 12:374Google Scholar
  9. CNCAGR (2011) China national commission of animal genetic resource. Animal genetic resources in China—sheep and goats. China Agriculture Press, China, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  10. Du L (2011) Animal genetic resources in China: sheep and goats. China Agriculture Press, China, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  11. Du XB, Zhang YQ, Jiao GY et al (2017) Effect of diet copper on the blood physiological indexes of ewe of jinlan cashmere goats. Chin herbivores sci 37(1):28–30Google Scholar
  12. Fan JS, MQZ E, Xiong CR et al (2013a) Influence of non-genetic factors on the growth traits of Jianyang daer goat. Chin J Anim sci 49(5):13–17Google Scholar
  13. Fan JS, Xiong CR, MQZ E et al (2013b) Analysis on meat performance and meat quality of Jianyang daer goat. J Southwest University (Nat Sci Ed) 35(7):9–13Google Scholar
  14. Gu CY (2008) Genetic structure of Chaidamu cashmere goat population as new breed. China Anim Husbandry Vet Med 35(8):60–63Google Scholar
  15. Guo TF, Yang BH, Niu CE et al (2013) Current situation on resources and industry development of lambs and fur goat in China. China Herbivore Sci 3:68–71Google Scholar
  16. He XH, Ma YH (2005) The current situation and development trend of china’s sheep and goats industry in the 21st century. Heilongjiang Anim Sci Vet Med 1:1–4Google Scholar
  17. Hua TCR (2004) The status and development trend of sheep and goat industries in the whole world. Prataculture Anim Husbandry 12:43–45Google Scholar
  18. Huang S, Zhu HJ, Shi L et al (2015) Effects of energy level on growth performance and nutrient digestion and metabolism of Shanbei white cashmere goats during growth period. Chin J Anim Nutr 27(12):3931–3939Google Scholar
  19. Jia ZH (1999) Modern sheep breeding production. China Agriculture University Press, Beijing, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  20. Jiang HZ, Li MN, Ma N (2000) Goat meat production research in China. J Jilin Agric Univ 22(3):92–95, 103Google Scholar
  21. Lei LY (2002) A new breed cashmere goats on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau-Chaidamu cashmere goats. Chin herbivores sci 22(1):49–50Google Scholar
  22. Li JH, Luo J, Zhang X et al (2010) Cloning and analysis of POU1F1 gene in dairy goat and its prokaryotic expression. J Northwest A&F Univ (Nat Sci Edtion) 38(1):41–45Google Scholar
  23. Li MZ, Liu C, Sun JW et al (2012a) Cloning of dairy goat prm1 gene CDS and construction of the eukaryotic expression vector. Sci Agric Sin 45(6):1183–1190Google Scholar
  24. Li WY, Dong XN, Zhang XP (2009) Present situation and development countermeasures of maize industry in Fujian province. Chin Livestock Poult Breed 7:6–8Google Scholar
  25. Li WY, Li Y, Zhang XP et al (2012b) Resource protection and utilization of Daiyunshan goat. Acta Ecologiae Animalis Domastici 6:110–112Google Scholar
  26. Liu HL (2013) High-throughput pyrosequencing-based transcriptome analyses and application of Liaoning cashmere goat. Master Degree Dissertation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, China, pp 13–14Google Scholar
  27. Lu FS, Ren XR (2006) Study of relativity on blood potassium types with weight and greasse wool yield in Chaidamu cashmere goat. J Qinghai Univ (Nat Sci) 24(6):31–33Google Scholar
  28. Luo J, Wang ZY (1998) Mutton sheep practical production technology. Shaanxi Science and Technology Press, Xi’an, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  29. Qi YX, Chen YL, Liu HY et al (2005) The basic investigation of Guanzhong dairy goat. Chin herbivores sci 25(4):32–34Google Scholar
  30. Qin X (2014) Establishment of superovulation method and the oocyte in vitro maturation culture system in kid of Jinlan cashmere goats. Shanxi Agricultural University, Master Degree Dissertation, Shanxi, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  31. Qu XX (2005) Protection and utilization of local goat variety resources in Shandong province. The livestock industry association of China, the second session of the China sheep industry development conference, pp 54–58Google Scholar
  32. Sha WF, Chen QK, Zhu J et al (2006) Study and utilization of goat variety resources in China. J Yangtze Univ (Nat Sci Edit) 2:144–147Google Scholar
  33. Shao JL, Li QW, Liu HC et al (2008) Determination of amino acids and nutritional analysis in goat meat. Meat Res 8:60–62Google Scholar
  34. Sun W, Na RS, Zhao BY et al (2014) The present situation and countermeasures of the conservation for Chinese goat genetic resources. Heilongjiang Anim Sci Vet Med 11:82–85Google Scholar
  35. Tian WL (2015) Analysis on quality of Chinese cashmere. China Fiber Insp 1:27–31Google Scholar
  36. Wang JB, Zhang DG, Tian Q (2013) the influence of natural and human factors on the development of animal husbandry and the countermeasures—a case study of Ma Ying village in Xinchengzi Town, Yongchang county. Grassland Turf 1:54–58Google Scholar
  37. Wang WC (1998) Study on meat performance of Nanjiang goat. Sichuan Grassland 1:53–57Google Scholar
  38. Wang WC (1997) Germplasm characteristics of Nanjiang yellow goat. China Sheep Goat Farming 4:1–2Google Scholar
  39. Wang WC, Deng ZG, Xiong CR (2011) Breeding achievements and progress of Nanjiang yellow goat. South jiangxian county committee of the communist party of the communist party of China, Sichuan, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  40. Wang YB, Xu S, Hou YM et al (2012) Research progress on nutritional components of goat milk. Food Nutr China 10:67–71Google Scholar
  41. Xiong CR, Fan JS, Wang Y et al (2013) Germplasm characteristics of Jianyang daer goat. Heilongjiang Anim Sci Vet Med 3:40–41Google Scholar
  42. Yang JD, Jian CS, Wei H et al (2004) Genetic structure analysis of the population of small Xiang goats by means of RAPD markers. Guizhou Agric Sci 1:7–9Google Scholar
  43. Yang Y, Zhang DK (2017) Study on sizing and compatibility of the goat wool fusible interlining. Wool Text J 45(1):33–36Google Scholar
  44. Yao JB, Die JF, Yang ST et al (1995) Current situation of China goat wool resources and its development and utilization. J Text Res 16(4):55–57Google Scholar
  45. Yi LR, Fan JS, Xiong CR et al (2012) Reproductive performance of Jianyang daer goat. Chin herbivores sci 32(4):32–33Google Scholar
  46. Yue T (2013) Discuss on the nutritional value of goat milk and cow milk. Xinjiang Anim Husbandry (z4):9–10Google Scholar
  47. Za YN (2013) Existing problems and development countermeasures of Chaidamu cashmere goats. Chin Qinghai J Anim Vet Sci 43(5):43–44Google Scholar
  48. Zhang JX, Yao JG, Bai YS et al (2012) Jinlan new breed cashmere goat. Chin herbivores sci 2:78–79Google Scholar
  49. Zhang T (2005) Research on polymorphism of microsatellite and molecule markers for fecundity traits on Nanjiang yellow goat. North West Agriculture and Forestry University of Thesis for Master Degree, Shaanxi, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhang YC (1987) Chinese goat breed resource. China Sheep Goat Farm 2:25–28Google Scholar
  51. Zhang YC (1994) Chinese goat breed and regional distribution. Acta Ecologae Animalis Domastici 3:23–26Google Scholar
  52. Zhao Y (2013) Sheep and goat farming in China. China Agric Press, Beijing, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhao YZ (2001) Sustainable development of Chinese sheep industry in the early 21st century. China Herbivores s1:6–11Google Scholar
  54. Zhou H, Chen JM, Liu RX et al (2012) Investigation and research on status of industrial development of Shanbei white cashmere goats. Anim Husbandry Feed Sci 33(4):64–65Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lanzhou Institute of Husbandry and Pharmaceutical SciencesLanzhouChina
  2. 2.International Livestock Research InstituteNairobiKenya

Personalised recommendations