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Conservation and Utilization of Indigenous Goats and Breeding of New Breeds in China

  • Chao Yuan
  • Ting-ting Guo
  • Jian-bin Liu
  • Yao-jing Yue
  • Bo-hui Yang
Chapter

Abstract

There are nearly 58 indigenous goat breeds in China, which are an important part of biodiversity and have many excellent characteristics, such as high fecundity, strong adaptability, stress resistance, and also disease resistance, especially in the harsh ecological conditions. Meanwhile, under long-term natural and artificial selection of indigenous goat breeds in China, goats possess significant differences in their production characteristics, are more closely related to human beings and the production diversification are referred to meat, milk, wool, cashmere, fur, lambskin, and so on. However, some local goat breeds became threatened with extinction or have already disappeared before necessary conservation efforts could be performed. Therefore, it needs great strategic significance to strengthen the protection of goat genetic resources and to achieve reasonable and effective result on the sustainable development of animal husbandry, meet the needs of human development. The goat breed resources protectorate and isolation belts have been established taking into account different goat breeds and climatic ecological environment in China, also with enhanced technical guidance including molecular technology provided to breed protectors and breeding in scientific methods, avoiding any kind of hybridization. At the same time, it is also necessary that build conservation centers and core breeding groups combine conservation with selective dynamic breeding. Over the past few decades, six new goat breeds were successfully bred in China, namely Nanjiang Yellow goat, Shanbei White Cashmere goat, Chaidamu Cashmere goat, Jianzhou Big Ear goat, Guanzhong Dairy goat, and Jinlan Cashmere goat. It will also be benefit for conservation and utilization of breeding resource.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chao Yuan
    • 1
  • Ting-ting Guo
    • 1
  • Jian-bin Liu
    • 1
  • Yao-jing Yue
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bo-hui Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Lanzhou Institute of Husbandry and Pharmaceutical SciencesLanzhouChina
  2. 2.International Livestock Research InstituteNairobiKenya

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