Epilogue: Shakespeare and Milton Grapple with Kingship

  • Mary Jo Kietzman


In the Epilogue to The Biblical Covenant in Shakespeare, Kietzman suggests that The Tempest is Shakespeare’s statement about how the Bible should and should not be used by rulers: it should not serve the Machiavellian function of mystifying power, but its key notion of covenant should be lived out in the ruler’s relation with his subjects. Kietzman concludes with a brief discussion of the covenantal politics Milton articulates in The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates (1649) using the same biblical places from I Samuel that Shakespeare refigures. Finally, she turns to Eikonoklastes and Milton’s accusation that Charles I misused his Shakespeare, imitating tyrants like Richard III instead of listening to the thousand several tongues in the biblical conscience of the plays, whispering their suggestions for reform.


Eikonoklastes Tempest Geneva Translation Felicity Heal Early Stuart Political 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



  1. Lee, Young Cho. “The Theatrical Representation of Politics in The Tempest.” English Language and Literature 49 (2013): 935–954.Google Scholar
  2. Moretti, Franco. “‘A Huge Eclipse’: Tragic Form and the Deconsecration of Sovereignty.” Genre 15 (Spring and Summer 1982): 7–40.Google Scholar
  3. Sinfield, Alan. “Sidney, de Plessis-Mornay and the Pagans.” Philological Quarterly 58 (Winter 1979): 26–39.Google Scholar
  4. Visconsi, Elliott. “Vinculum Fidei: The Tempest and the Law of Allegiance.” Law and Literature 20 (Spring 2008): 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Books

    1. Barlow, William. The Summe and Substance of the Conference which it Pleased His Excellent Majestie: to Have with the Lords Bishops and Others of his Clergie. at which the Most of the Lords of the Councell were Present in his Majesties Privie-Chamber at Hampton Court, January 14, 1603. London: By John Norton, 1638.Google Scholar
    2. Barnstone, Williis. The Poetics of Translation: History, Theory, Practice. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1993.Google Scholar
    3. Collinson, Patrick. “The Jacobean Religious Settlement.” In Before the English Civil War: Essays on Early Stuart Politics and Government. Edited By Howard Tomlinson. London: Macmillan Press, 1983.Google Scholar
    4. DeLapp, Nevada Levi. The Reformed David(s) and the Question of Resistance to Tyranny: Reading the Bible in the 16th and 17th Centuries. Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies 601; Scriptural Traces: Critical Perspectives on the Reception and Influence of the Bible 3. London: Bloomsbury, 2014.Google Scholar
    5. Fisch, Harold. Jerusalem and Albion: The Hebraic Factor in Seventeenth-Century Literature. New York: Schocken Books, 1964.Google Scholar
    6. ———. “Power and Constraint: Covenantal Hermeneutics in Milton.” In Summoning: Ideas of the Covenant and Interpretive Theory. Edited by Ellen Spolsky. 1–24. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.Google Scholar
    7. Heal, Felicity. “Experiencing Religion in London: Diversity and Choice in Shakespeare’s Metropolis.” In Shakespeare and Early Modern Religion. Edited by David Loewenstein and Michael Witmore. 57–78. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    8. James I, King of England. The Political Works of James I. Edited by Charles McIlwain. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1918.Google Scholar
    9. Jordan, Constance. Shakespeare’s Monarchies: Ruler and Subject in the Romances. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997.Google Scholar
    10. Mannheim, Karl. Ideology and Utopia: An Introduction to the Sociology of Knowledge. New York: Routledge, 1972.Google Scholar
    11. Marx, Steven. Shakespeare and the Bible. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.Google Scholar
    12. Milton, John. Areopagitica. In Selected Prose. Edited by C. A. Patrides. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1985.Google Scholar
    13. ———. Eikonoklastes. In The Riverside Milton. Edited by Roy Flannagan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998.Google Scholar
    14. Rickard, Jane. Writing the Monarch in Jacobean England: Jonson, Donne, Shakespeare and the Works of King James. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    15. Shawcross, John T. “Milton and Covenant: The Christian View of Old Testament Theology.” In Milton and Scriptural Tradition: The Bible into Poetry. Edited by James H. Sims and Leland Ryken. 160–191. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1984.Google Scholar
    16. Stevens, Paul. Imagination and the Presence of Shakespeare in Paradise Lost. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.Google Scholar
    17. Tennenhouse, Leonard. “Strategies of State and Political Plays: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VIII.” In Political Shakespeare: New Essays in Cultural Materialism. Edited by Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield. 109–129. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1985.Google Scholar
    18. Walzer, Michael. The Revolution of the Saints: A Study in the Origins of Radical Politics. New York: Atheneum, 1969.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary Jo Kietzman
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Michigan–FlintFlintUSA

Personalised recommendations