Breath Sounds pp 305-316 | Cite as

In Pursuit of a Unified Nomenclature of Respiratory Sounds

  • Kostas N. Priftis
  • Maria Antoniadi
  • Hans Pasterkamp


Audible noises associated with breathing are a common clinical sign. They may be of particular usefulness in clinical diagnosis. However, patients as well as caregivers use a variety of rather descriptive terms to report respiratory sounds, and this can often be misleading [1–3]. Physicians may also use confusing terminology when they try to convey various respiratory noises to colleagues [1, 2, 4–7]. Consequently, doctors’ documentation and interpretation of their patients’ respiratory sounds may differ, relying largely upon the wording they or their discussants use.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kostas N. Priftis
    • 1
  • Maria Antoniadi
    • 2
  • Hans Pasterkamp
    • 3
  1. 1.Children’s Respiratory and Allergy Unit, Third Department of Paediatrics, “Attikon” HospitalNational and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Community Health ServiceRhodosGreece
  3. 3.Department of Pediatrics and Child HealthUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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