Geopolitics of the Middle East and South Asia: Changing Relationships Through the Movement of Migrant Workers

  • Kazuhide Iketaki


The movement of migrant workers between the Middle East and South Asia has had a tremendous impact on foreign policymaking. Due to geographical proximity and the existence of a sizable number of migrant workers in the Gulf countries, these two regions share mutual interests in maintaining peace and stability. The movement of workers contributes to the process of Islamization in Pakistan and other South Asian countries which also attributed to the sectarian conflict between Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shiite-dominated Iran as well as the Gulf’s petrodollar. Migrant workers are motivated to move to countries that provide higher salaries than what are offered in their countries of origins. Therefore, many people believe that migrant workers do not bear any political weight. However, considering the large numbers of migrating workers, their presence as political stakeholders cannot be neglected. This chapter attempts to establish the changing relationships between Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and India due to the above-mentioned factors.


Geopolitics Sectarian conflict Islamization Petrodollar 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazuhide Iketaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Jiji Research InstituteTokyoJapan

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