Security Competition Rising: Renewed Militarization of the High North
2014 jolted the international security arena with new developments in Europe and the Middle East. In response, NATO scrambled to prove its “readiness” in the face of challenges to its eastern and southern flanks. Far north of the Ukrainian and Middle Eastern conflicts, however, a new area of strategic competition is growing in the Arctic region, especially between Russia and the European Union, the focus of this chapter. Less and thinner ice is driving increased strategic competition by all states and changing the very arena they are trying to control. Maintaining the Arctic as an arena for strategic cooperation is more important than ever. NATO member states and Russia have a chance to allow for the Arctic to become an area of mutual responsibility and benefit to the globe.