Gender Inequality for Directors in the European Film Industry: Focus on Austria

  • Francine Hetherington Raveney
  • Birgit Moldaschl
  • Anna Koblitz
Part of the Media Business and Innovation book series (MEDIA)


This article deals with gender inequality in the European film industry and outlines key findings of the international research report Where are the Women Directors? published by the European Women’s Audiovisual (EWA) Network in 2016. It shows barriers to enter the industry and then focuses on the Austrian outcomes of the EWA study. Questions like the different perceptions of gender inequality by women and men, the number of female students at film schools, their shares of budgets, production funds or festivals are answered and compared to other international studies. In addition, recommendations are offered in order to address the challenges female directors have to face in sustaining their careers. We argue that the film industry will be strengthened, tolerance in our society encouraged and diversity represented more strongly if female directors’ full potential is realized. We aim at providing evidence for the necessity of national and European policy changes regarding gender equality and call for action to change the status quo.


Austria Barriers to entry Celluloid ceiling European audiovisual sector Female-directed films Gender bias Gender inequality Pay inequality Representations of women 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francine Hetherington Raveney
    • 1
  • Birgit Moldaschl
    • 2
  • Anna Koblitz
    • 3
  1. 1.European Women’s Audiovisual NetworkStrasbourgFrance
  2. 2.Austrian Film InstituteViennaAustria
  3. 3.University of ViennaViennaAustria

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