Oftentimes enteral feedings need to be transitioned from the nasogastric tube or orogastric tube to a gastrostomy tube. Feeding gastrostomy tubes are most often indicated when patients have a functional swallowing problem or have a structural anomaly that prevents safe, effective swallowing, most commonly head and neck tumors or cerebral dysfunction. This form of nutrition is often most suitable for patients who are physiologically or anatomically unable to swallow safely. This chapter addresses the indications for feeding gastrostomy tubes, techniques of placement, and potential complications.
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