Tracheostomy in the ICU

  • Maher M. Matar
  • Stephen A. Fann
  • Bruce A. Crookes
Chapter

Abstract

Tracheostomy is an essential tool for the clinician managing critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Knowledge of neck anatomy is essential, along with the indications and contraindications of the procedure before proceeding with a tracheostomy. Knowledge of potential complications, along with the appropriate tools to diagnose them and their management, is also imperative. Understanding the benefits of timely tracheostomy in selected patients will hasten their weaning off mechanical ventilation, ameliorate pulmonary toilet, decrease ICU length of stay, and improve patient communication. These points will be addressed in this chapter.

Keywords

Percutaneous tracheostomy Surgical technique Complications Indication 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maher M. Matar
    • 1
  • Stephen A. Fann
    • 2
  • Bruce A. Crookes
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of General SurgeryThe Ottawa HospitalOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, General Surgery DivisionMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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