Alcohol Withdrawal

  • Uzer Khan
  • Alison Wilson


Alcohol withdrawal is a common problem afflicting patient in many ICUs around the world and across specialties. This is a force of altered cognition that, if left unchecked, can lead to significant challenges in the care of the critically ill and injured. Alcohol withdrawal is a syndrome borne of the sudden cessation of chronic or heavy alcohol ingestion. Its symptoms present on a spectrum and vary in severity. Severe alcohol withdrawal generally involves the manifestation of delirium in combination with symptomatology consistent with alcohol withdrawal. The mainstay of treatment remains benzodiazepines, although many adjuncts have been described in recent years including barbiturates, propofol, and dexmedetomidine.


Alcohol withdrawal Ethanol Sedation CIWA Seizures Benzodiazepines 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of TraumaAcute Care and Critical Care, Ruby Memorial Hospital, WVU MedicineMorgantownUSA
  2. 2.WVU Critical Care and Trauma Institute, Department of SurgeryRuby Memorial Hospital, WVU MedicineMorgantownUSA

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