Biomimetics pp 81-107 | Cite as

Plant Leaf Surfaces in Living Nature

  • Bharat BhushanEmail author
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 279)


Nature has evolved species with multifunctional properties by using diversity of the structure and morphology in surfaces. Hierarchical structured surfaces are common in nature (Koch et al. 2008, 2009a; Bhushan 2009). The complexity of hierarchical structures and their functionality in biological organisms surpass all abiotic natural surfaces.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio/Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLBB)The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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