Biomimetics pp 703-738 | Cite as

Role of Liquid Repellency on Fluid Slip, Fluid Drag, and Formation of Nanobubbles

  • Bharat BhushanEmail author
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 279)


The reduction of fluid drag is of scientific interest in many fluid flow applications, including micro/nanofluidic systems used in biological, chemical, and medical fields (Bhushan 2016, 2017a, b). Fluid flow is known to have zero slip on liquiphilic surfaces. In the no-slip boundary condition, the relative velocity between a solid wall and liquid flow is zero at the solid-liquid interface (Batchelor 1970).


  1. Batchelor, G. K. (1970), An Introduction to Fluid Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  2. Bhushan, B. (2016), Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology, 2nd edition, volumes 1–6, Springer International, Cham, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  3. Bhushan, B. (2017a), Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology, 4th edition, Springer International, Cham, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  4. Bhushan, B. (2017b), Nanotribology and Nanomechanics: An Introduction, 4th edition, Springer International, Cham, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  5. Bhushan, B., Wang, Y., and Maali, A. (2008), “Coalescence and Movement of Nanobubbles Studied with Tapping Mode AFM and Tip-Bubble Interaction Analysis,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20, 485004.Google Scholar
  6. Bhushan, B., Wang, Y., and Maali, A. (2009), “Boundary Slip Study on Hydrophilic, Hydrophobic, and Superhydrophobic Surfaces with Dynamic Atomic Force Microscopy,” Langmuir 25, 8117–8121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bhushan, B., Pan, Y., and Daniels, S. (2013), “AFM Characterization of Nanobubble Formation and Slip Condition in Oxygenated and Electrokinetically Altered Fluids,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 392, 105–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Borkent, B. M., Dammer, S. M., Schoenher, H., Vancso, G. J., and Lohse, D. (2007), “Superstability of Surface Nanobubbles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 204502–204506.Google Scholar
  9. Cottin-Bizonne, C., Steinberger, A., Cross, B., Raccurt, O., and Charlaix, E. (2008), “Nanohydrodynamics: The Intrinsic Flow Boundary Condition on Smooth Surfaces,” Langmuir 24, 1165–1172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Craig, V. S. J. (2011), “Very Small Bubbles at Surfaces—The Nanobubble Puzzle,” Soft Matter 7, 40–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Haynes, W. M. (2014), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 95th edition, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL.Google Scholar
  12. Jing, D. and Bhushan, B. (2013a), “Boundary Slip of Superoleophilic, Oleophobic, and Superoleophobic Surfaces Immersed in Deionized Water, Hexacadene, and Ethylene Glycol,” Langmuir 29, 14691–14700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jing, D. and Bhushan, B. (2013b), “Quantification of Surface Charge Density and its Effect on Boundary Slip,” Langmuir 29, 6953–6963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jing, D. and Bhushan, B. (2013c), “Effect of Boundary Slip and Surface Charge on the Pressure-Driven Flow,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 392, 15–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jing, D. and Bhushan, B. (2015), “The Coupling of Surface Charge and Boundary Slip at the Solid-Liquid Interface and Their Combined Effect on Fluid Drag: A Review,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 454, 152–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Joly, L., Ybert, C., Trizac, E., and Bocquet, L. (2006), “Liquid Friction on Charged Surfaces: From Hydrodynamic Slippage to Electrokinetics,” J. Chem. Phys. 125, 204716.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Khasnavis, S., Jana, A., Roy, A., Mazumder, M., Bhushan, B., Wood, T., Ghosh, S., Watson, R., and Pahan, K. (2012), “Suppression of Nuclear Factor-κB Activation and Inflammation in Microglia by Physically Modified Saline,” J. Biol. Chem. 287, 29529–29542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li, Y. and Bhushan, B. (2015), “The Effect of Surface Charge on the Boundary Slip of Various Oleophilic/phobic Surfaces Immersed in Liquids,” Soft Matter 11, 7680–7695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li, D., Jing, D., Pan, Y., Bhushan, B., and Zhao, X. (2016), “Study on the Relationship between Boundary Slip and Nanobubbles on Smooth Hydrophobic Surface,” Langmuir 32, 11287–11294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Maali, A. and Bhushan, B. (2008), “Slip-Length Measurement of Confined Air Flow Using Dynamic Atomic Force Microscopy,” Phys. Rev. E 78, 027302.Google Scholar
  21. Maali, A. and Bhushan, B. (2012), “Measurement of Slip Length on Superhydrophobic Surfaces,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 370, 2304–2320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Maali, A. and Bhushan, B. (2013), “Nanobubbles and Their Role in Slip and Drag,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 25, 184003.Google Scholar
  23. Maali, A., Colin, S., and Bhushan, B. (2016), “Slip Length Measurement of Gas Flow,” Nanotechnology 27, 374004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mazumder, M. and Bhushan, B. (2011), “Propensity and Geometrical Distribution of Surface Nanobubbles: Effect of Electrolyte, Roughness, pH, and Substrate Bias,” Soft Matter 7, 9184–9196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ou, J., Perot, B., and Rothstein, J. P. (2004), “Laminar Drag Reduction in Microchannels Using Ultrahydrophobic Surfaces,” Phys. Fluids 16, 4635–4643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pan, Y. and Bhushan, B. (2013), “Role of Surface Charge on Boundary Slip in Fluid Flow,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 392, 117–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pan, Y., Bhushan, B., and Zhao, X. (2014), “The Study of Surface Wetting, Nanobubbles and Boundary Slip with an Applied Voltage: A Review,” Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 5, 1042–1065.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Seddon, J. R. T. and Lohse, D. (2011), “Nanobubbles and Micropancakes: Gaseous Domains on Immersed Substrates,” J. Phys: Condens. Matter 23, 133001.Google Scholar
  29. Seddon, J. R. T., Kooij, E. S., Poelsema, B., Zandvliet, H. J. W., and Lohse, D. (2011), “Surface Bubble Nucleation Stability,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 056101.Google Scholar
  30. Shirtcliffe, N. J., McHale, G., Newton, M. I., and Zhang, Y. (2009), “Superhydrophobic Copper Tubes with Possible Flow Enhancement and Drag Reduction,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 1, 1316–1323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tretheway, D. C. and Meinhart, C. D. (2004), “A Generating Mechanism for Apparent Fluid Slip in Hydrophobic Microchannels,” Phys. Fluids 16, 1509–1515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Uchida, T., Oshita, S., Ohmori, M., Tsuno, T., Soejima, K., Shinozaki, S., Take, Y., and Mitsuda, K. (2011), “Transmission Electron Microscopic Observations of Nanobubbles and Their Capture of Impurities in Wastewater,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6, 295–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vinogradova, O. I. (1995), “Drainage of a Thin Liquid-Film Confined between Hydrophobic Surfaces,” Langmuir 11, 2213–2220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wang, Y. and Bhushan, B. (2010), “Boundary Slip and Nanobubble Study in Micro/Nanofluidics with Atomic Force Microscope,” Soft Matter 6, 29–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wang, Y., Bhushan, B., and Maali, A. (2009a), “Atomic Force Microscopy Measurement of Boundary Slip on Hydrophilic, Hydrophobic, and Superhydrophobic Surfaces,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 27, 754–760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang, Y., Bhushan, B., and Zhao, X. (2009b), “Nanoindents Produced by Nanobubbles on Ultrathin Polystyrene Films in Water,” Nanotechnology 20, 045301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Watanabe, K., Udagawa, Y., and Udagawa, H. (1999), “Drag Reduction of Newtonian Fluid in Circular Pipe with a Highly Water-Repellent Wall,” J. Fluid Mech. 381, 225–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Yang, J, W., Duan, J. M., Fornasiero, D., and Ralston, J. (2003), “Very Small Bubble Formation at the Solid-Water Interface,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 6139–6147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhang, X. H., Zhang, X., Sun, J., Zhang, Z., Li, G., Fang, H., Xiao, X., Zeng, X., and Hu, J. (2007), “Detection of Novel Gaseous States at the Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite-Water Interface,” Langmuir 23, 1778–1783.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio/Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLBB)The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

Personalised recommendations