The Structural Underpinnings of Online Bonds

  • Greti-Iulia Ivana
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Relational Sociology book series (PSRS)


This chapter focuses on the question of bond patterns and how those patterns manifest themselves in online exchanges of information. Situating the discussion at the intersection between field theory and network theory, Ivana explores the weight of the symbolic order in Facebook meaning making, as well as in more general tie and network construction. In this regard, the accessibility of markers of social status through Facebook makes the platform significant not only as a function of existing networks of bonds, but also as a means of negotiating and evaluating the (potential or actual) networks on a symbolic level.


  1. Adams, Matthew. 2006. Hybridizing Habitus and Reflexivity: Towards an Understanding of Contemporary Identity? Sociology 40 (3): 511–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, Benedict. 1983. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London and New York: Verso Books.Google Scholar
  3. Barnett, George A., and Grace A. Benefield. 2017. Predicting International Facebook Ties Through Cultural Homophily and Other Factors. New Media & Society 19 (2): 217–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bottero, Wendy. 2009. Relationality and Social Interaction. The British Journal of Sociology 60 (2): 399–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bottero, Wendy, and Nick Crossley. 2011. Worlds, Fields and Networks: Becker, Bourdieu and the Structures of Social Relations. Cultural Sociology 5 (1): 99–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1984. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  7. ———. 1986. The Forms of Capital. In Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education, ed. John G. Richardson, 241–258. New York: Greenwood.Google Scholar
  8. Bryson, Bethany. 1996. ‘Anything But Heavy Metal’: Symbolic Exclusion and Musical Dislikes. American Sociological Review 61 (5): 884–899.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Collins, Randall. 2004. Interaction Ritual Chains. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Crossley, Nick. 2008. (Net)Working Out: Social Capital in a Private Health Club. The British Journal of Sociology 59 (3): 475–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. De Nooy, Wouter. 2003. Fields and Networks: Correspondence Analysis and Social Network Analysis in the Framework of Field Theory. Poetics 31 (5–6): 305–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. DiMaggio, Paul. 1982. Cultural Capital and School Success: The Impact of Status Culture Participation on the Grades of U.S. High School Students. American Sociological Review 47 (2): 89–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Edensor, Tim. 1998. Tourists at the Taj. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. ———. 2001. Performing Tourism, Staging Tourism: (Re) Producing Tourist Space and Practice. Tourist Studies 1 (1): 59–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Elder-Vass, Dave. 2007. Reconciling Archer and Bourdieu in an Emergentist Theory of Action. Sociological Theory 25 (4): 325–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Featherstone, Mike. 1991. Consumer Culture and Postmodernism. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  17. Gabriel, Rami. 2013. Why I Buy: Self, Taste, and Consumer Society in America. Intellect Books Ltd.Google Scholar
  18. Haldrup, Michael, and Jonas Larsen. 2010. Tourism, Performance and the Everyday: Consuming the Orient. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Ivana, Greti-Iulia. 2016. Face and the Dynamics of Its Construction: A Relational and Multilayered Perspective. Symbolic Interaction 39 (1): 106–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. King, Anthony. 2010. The Odd Couple: Margaret Archer, Anthony Giddens and British Social Theory. The British Journal of Sociology 61 (1): 253–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lazarsfeld, Paul F., and Robert K. Merton. 1954. Friendship as a Social Process: A Substantive and Methodological Analysis. In Freedom and Control in Modern Society, ed. M. Berger, 18–66. New York: Van Nostrand.Google Scholar
  22. Leiss, William, et al. 2005. Social Communication in Advertising: Consumption in the Mediated Marketplace. 3rd ed. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  23. Lizardo, Omar. 2006. How Cultural Tastes Shape Personal Networks. American Sociological Review 71: 778–807.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lury, Celia. 1996. Consumer Culture. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  25. McCracken, Stephen D. 1988. Culture and Consumption: New Approaches to the Symbolic Character of Consumer Goods and Activities. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  26. McPherson, Miller, et al. 2001. Birds of a Feather: Homophily in Social Networks. Annual Review of Sociology 27 (1): 415–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Miles, Andrew, and Mike Savage. 2012. The Strange Survival Story of the English Gentleman, 1945–2010. Cultural and Social History 9 (4): 595–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Peterson, Richard A., and Andy Bennett. 2004. Introducing the Scenes Perspective. In Music Scenes: Local, Trans-Local and Virtual, ed. A. Bennett and R.A. Peterson. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Peterson, Richard A., and Roger M. Kern. 1996. Changing Highbrow Taste: From Snob to Omnivore. American Sociological Review 61 (5): 900–907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Puetz, Kyle. 2015. Consumer Culture, Taste, Preferences, and Social Network Formation. Sociology Compass 9 (6): 438–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rafieian, Shahram, and Howard Davis. 2016. Dissociation, Reflexivity and Habitus. European Journal of Social Theory 19 (4): 556–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rakic, Tijana. 2012. Philosophies of the Visual [Method] in Tourism Research. In An Introduction to Visual Research Methods in Tourism, ed. T. Rakic and D. Chambers, 17–32. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  33. Sennett, Richard. 1992. The Fall of the Public Man. New York: WW Norton Publishing.Google Scholar
  34. Singh, Sourabh. 2016. What Is Relational Structure? Introducing History in the Debates on the Relation between Fields and Social Networks. Sociological Theory 34 (2): 128–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Straw, Will. 1991. Systems of Articulation, Logics of Change: Communities and Scenes in Popular Music. Cultural Studies 5 (3): 368–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tavory, Iddo. 2010. Of Yarmulkes and Categories: Delegating Boundaries and the Phenomenology of Interactional Expectation. Theory and Society 39 (1): 49–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Urry, John. 1990. The Tourist Gaze: Leisure and Travel in Contemporary Societies. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  38. ———. 1995. Consuming Places. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  39. Vaisey, Stephen, and Omar Lizardo. 2010. Can Cultural Worldviews Influence Network Composition? Social Forces 88 (4): 1595–1618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Warde, Alan. 2002. Changing Conceptions of Consumption. In The Changing Consumer, ed. A. Anderson, K. Meethan, and S. Miles, 10–24. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  41. ———. 2014. After Taste: Culture, Consumption and Theories of Practice. Journal of Consumer Culture 14 (3): 279–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wimmer, Andreas, and Kevin Lewis. 2010. Beyond and Below Racial Homophily: ERG Models of a Friendship Network Documented on Facebook. American Journal of Sociology 116 (2): 583–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Greti-Iulia Ivana
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

Personalised recommendations