New Approach for Optimization of Construction and Demolition Waste Management: Application to the Lisbon Metropolitan Area

  • António Rebello de Andrade
  • Marta Castilho Gomes
  • Joaquim Duque
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics book series (PROMS, volume 223)

Abstract

The growing concern regarding global sustainability is increasingly evident in the construction sector due to the large amounts of waste produced. This work aims to develop a new approach in order to plan an efficient recycling network for Construction and Demolition Waste (CDW). The approach is based on the methodology of Process Systems Engineering (PSE), allowing an appropriate problem systematization and the definition of flows of materials between the network nodes. The developed mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model is a tool to support CDW management in assessing the recycling network from a regulatory perspective (minimizing the total cost). Various scenarios can be defined and sensitivity analyses performed, making the aforementioned assessment clear regarding location, types and capacities of the new processes to be installed. The model was applied to the 211 parishes that comprise the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (LMA), in Portugal, but due to its generic formulation can be applied elsewhere at regional or national level. Results show a preference for direct deposition in landfills and the fact that high quality recycling processes are not, at present, economically viable for the LMA.

Keywords

Construction and demolition waste Mixed-integer linear programming Process systems engineering Lisbon metropolitan area 

References

  1. 1.
    M. Bernardo, M.C. Gomes, J. Brito, Demolition waste generation for development of a regional management chain model. Waste Manag. 49, 156–169 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Coelho, Análise de viabilidade de implantação de centrais de reciclagem de resíduos da construção e demolição em portugal - PARTE III - análise de viabilidade de uma central de reciclagem. Technical report, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Instituto Superior Técnico (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Coelho, J. Brito, Economic viability analysis of a construction and demolition waste recycling plant in Portugal - part I: location, materials, technology and economic analysis. J. Clean. Prod. 39, 338–352 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.N. Correia, M.C. Gomes, J. Duque, Optimization of construction and demolition waste management: application to the Lisbon metropolitan area, Operations Research and Big Data (Springer, Berlin, 2015), pp. 33–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Duque, A. Barbosa-Póvoa, A.Q. Novais, Design and planning of sustainable industrial networks: application to a recovery network of residual products. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 49, 4230–4248 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Hiete, J. Stengel, J. Ludwing, F. Schultmann, Matching construction and demolition waste supply to recycling demand: a regional management chain model. Build. Res. Inf. 39, 333–351 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Mália, J. de Brito, M. Bravo, Indicadores de resíduos de construção e demolição para construções residenciais novas. Ambiente Construído, Porto Alegre 11, 117–130 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • António Rebello de Andrade
    • 1
  • Marta Castilho Gomes
    • 2
  • Joaquim Duque
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.CERIS, CESUR, Instituto Superior TécnicoLisboaPortugal
  3. 3.UAER, Laboratório Nacional de Energia e GeologiaLisboaPortugal

Personalised recommendations