Common Themes and Future Directions for Self-Concept Clarity Research



In this chapter, we reflect on the chapters contained in this volume. We document several themes that emerged across multiple chapters. Themes apparent in the current self-concept clarity literature include the centrality of the person in context in understanding the origins and effects of self-concept clarity and the potential benefits of higher levels of self-concept clarity. Common themes in the future directions proposed by individual chapter authors are also reviewed, such as the need to further develop theory and understanding as well as testing the extent to which the self-concept clarity construct and findings generalize beyond individualistic or unitary conceptions of the self.


Future directions Measurement Nomological net Self-esteem Social identity Life outcomes Generalizability Self-concept clarity 


  1. Campbell, J. D., Trapnell, P. D., Heine, S. J., Katz, I. M., Lavallee, L. F., & Lehman, D. R. (1996). Self-concept clarity: Measurement, personality correlates, and cultural boundaries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 141–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hardin, E. E., Robitschek, C., Flores, L. Y., Navarro, R. L., & Ashton, M. W. (2014). The cultural lens approach to evaluating cultural validity of psychological theory. American Psychologist.Google Scholar
  3. Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan, A. (2010). Most people are not WEIRD. Nature, 466(7302), 29–29.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Lodi-Smith, J., & Roberts, B. W. (2010). Getting to know me: Social role experiences and age differences in self-concept clarity during adulthood. Journal of Personality, 78, 1383–1410.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Na, J., Chan, M. Y., Lodi-Smith, J., & Park, D. C. (2016). Social-class differences in self-concept clarity and their implications for well-being. Journal of health psychology, 1359105316643597.Google Scholar
  6. Nezlek, J. B., & Plesko, R. M. (2001). Day-to-day relationships among self-concept clarity, self-esteem, daily events, and mood. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 201–211. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Onken, L. S., Carroll, K. M., Shoham, V., Cuthbert, B. N., & Riddle, M. (2014). Reenvisioning clinical science: unifying the discipline to improve the public health. Clinical Psychological Science, 2(1), 22–34.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Wu, J., Watkins, D., & Hattie, J. (2010). Self-concept clarity: A longitudinal study of Hong Kong adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 277–282. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychological Sciences and Institute for Autism ResearchCanisius CollegeBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of BuffaloBuffaloUSA

Personalised recommendations