(Neoliberalized) Collaborative Turn and Art Education
This chapter lays out the broader contexts from which collaboration comes to the foreground at this time and sounds a number of cautions against the collaborative turn as evidenced in the 21st Century Skills, new Finnish National Curriculum Framework, and cultural industries. Collaboration’s promotion is due to post-Fordist labor models and the rise of network structures. Within this nexus, collaboration maintains a democratic aura of a horizontal, decentralized platform for learning and creating that resists and subverts more restrictive vertical power structures. To flesh out these movements, I consider the model of project work within post-Fordist labor along with precarious, post-studio practices associated with the cultural and creative industries. I assert an appeal for the autonomy of collaboration within art education apart from entrepreneurial ends.
KeywordsCreativity Discipline Collaboration Finnish education Post-Fordism
- Adams, J., & Owens, A. (2016). Theories of creativity and democratic education: Practices and politics of learning through the arts. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Boltanski, L. & Chiapello, È. (2005). The new spirit of capitalism (G. Elliott, Trans.). New York: Verso. (Original work published in 1999).Google Scholar
- Brown, W. (2012). Reclaiming democracy: An interview with Wendy Brown on Occupy, sovereignty, and secularism/ Interviewers R. Celikates & Y. Jansen. Krisis, 3, 68–77.Google Scholar
- Collaboration and communication. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/about-us/p21-framework/261-communication-and-collaboration. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- Deresiewicz, W. (2015). The death of the artist—And the birth of the creative entrepreneur. The Atlantic. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/01/the-death-of-the-artist-and-the-birth-of-thecreative-entrepreneur/383497/. Accessed on July 27, 2017.
- Finnish National Board of Education. (2016). New national core curriculum for basic education: Focus on school culture and integrative approach. Finnish National Board of Education. Retrieved from http://oph.fi/download/174038_new_national_core_curriculum_for_basic_education_focus_on_school_culture_and.pdf. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- Framework for 21st century learning. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/about-us/p21-framework. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- Gielen, P. (2013). Creativity and other fundamentalisms. Amsterdam: Mondrian Fund.Google Scholar
- jagodzinski, j. (2015a). A dozen +1 mediations on stupidity and precarization: The capture of creativity by de(sign)er capitalism. In F. Bastos & E. Zimmerman (Eds.), Creativity and art education: Foundations, pedagogies, and contemporary issues (pp. 57–63). Reston: NAEA.Google Scholar
- Mouffe, C. (2013). Agonistics: Thinking the world politically. Brooklyn: Verso.Google Scholar
- Nancy, J.-L. (2000). Being singular plural (R.D. Richardson & A.E. O’Byrne, Trans.). Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- OECD. (2011). Lessons from PISA for the United States, strong performers and successful reformers in education. OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264096660-en. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- OECD. (2012). Lessons from PISA for Japan, strong performers and successful reformers in education. OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264118539-en. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- Partnership for 21st Century Skills. (n.d.). 21 st century skills map. The srts. Washington, DC: Partnership for 21st Century Learning. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/storage/documents/P21_arts_map_final.pdf. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- Plucker, J. A., Kaufman, J. C., & Beghetto, R. A. (n.d.). What we know about creativity. Washington, DC: Partnership for 21st Century Learning. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/storage/documents/docs/Research/P21_4Cs_Research_Brief_Series_-_Creativity.pdf. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- Raunig, G., Ray, G., & Wuggenig, U. (2011). Introduction: On the strange case of ‘creativity’ and its troubled resurrection. In G. Raunig, G. Ray, & U. Wuggenig (Eds.), Critique of creativity: Precarity, subjectivity and resistance in the ‘creative industries’ (pp. 1–5). London: MayFlyBooks.Google Scholar
- Relyea, L. (2013). Your everyday art world. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Robinson, K. (2016). Creative schools. New York: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
- Rubin, C. M. (2014, December 8). The global search for education: Creative China—Part 2. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/c-m-rubin/the-global-search-for-edu_b_6285838.html. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- Sahlberg, P. (2015a, October 5). Just let me teach! Pasi Sahlberg Blog: Finnish Education Reform. Retrieved from https://pasisahlberg.com/just-let-me-teach/. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- Sahlberg, P. (2015b, March 25). Finland’s school reforms won’t scrap subjects altogether. Pasi Sahlberg Blog: Finnish Education Reform. Retrieved from https://pasisahlberg.com/finlands-school-reforms-wont-scrap-subjects-altogether/. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- Sahlberg, S. (2015c). Finish lessons 2.0 (2nd ed.). New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
- Sahlberg, P. (2017a, June 7). How we teach our children: The methods and myths behind Finland’s education success. Pasi Sahlberg Blog: Finnish Education Reform. Retrieved from https://pasisahlberg.com/teach-children-methods-myths-behind-finlands-education-success/. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- Sahlberg, P. (2017b, March 15). Why Finland isn’t overly concerned by declines in student test scores. Pasi Sahlberg Blog: Finnish Education Reform. Retrieved from https://pasisahlberg.com/finland-isnt-overly-concerned-declines-student-test-scores/. Accessed 27 July 2017.
- Sahlberg, P., & Oldroyd, D. (2010). Pedagogy for economic competitiveness and sustainable development. European Journal of Education, 45(2), Part I, 280–299.Google Scholar
- Schumpeter, J. A. (2003). Capitalism, socialism & democracy. New York: Routledge. (Original work published in 1943).Google Scholar
- von Osten, M. (2011). Unpredictable outcomes / unpredictable outcasts: On recent debates over creativity and the creative industries. In G. Raunig, G. Ray, & U. Wuggenig (Eds.), Critique of creativity: Precarity, subjectivity and resistance in the ‘creative industries’ (pp. 133–146). London: MayFlyBooks.Google Scholar
- Virno, P. (2012). The dismeasure of art. An interview with Paolo Virno/Interviewers S. Lavaert & P. Gielen. In P. Gielen & P. De Bruyne (Eds.), Being an artist in post-Fordist times (2nd ed., pp. 19–46). NAi Publishers: Rotterdam.Google Scholar