Teaching Sustainability and Management Critically: ‘Expectation Failures’ as a Powerful Pedagogical Tool

  • Jose M. AlcarazEmail author
  • Marianna Fotaki
Part of the CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance book series (CSEG)


Critical Management Education (CME ) provides a strong pedagogical background to provoke and unsettle viewpoints and strongly problematize “mainstream” views of sustainability and management . This chapter aims to contribute to this “de-naturalizing” agenda by helping management and sustainability instructors to design learning experiences aimed at challenging learners’ assumptions. For this purpose we explore the role of expectation failures as a pedagogical tool that puts students in diverse learning situations (in which their current assumptions may “not work”, or in which their viewpoints may be unsettled) in order to facilitate new learning and critical interpretations. Drawing on our own 10-year teaching experience in multiple locations, we provide practical moves aiming to advance a critically-oriented sustainability pedagogical agenda.


Expectation Failure sustainabilitySustainability Critical Management Education Hanken School paradigmParadigm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Jose M. Alcaraz would like to thank Prof. Ken Bain for his extraordinary, influential work and for his generous time during an interview in New Jersey in July 2009, which inspired part of this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Business and GovernanceMurdoch UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Munich Business SchoolMunichGermany
  3. 3.Warwick Business SchoolWarwick UniversityCoventryUK

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