Quantum Transport and Quantum Pumping

Part of the UNITEXT for Physics book series (UNITEXTPH)


The usual laws of the circuits (Ohm’s law, Kirchoff’s law, and so on) are valid in the macroscopic world. However, when the linear dimensions are less than an electron mean free path, which may be on the order of 10 nm (22 in Al and 55 in Cu), the motion of the electrons is ballistic, that is, the circuit obeys quantum laws.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Università di Roma Tor VergataRomeItaly

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