Variational Principle for Schrödinger–Pauli Theory

Part of the UNITEXT for Physics book series (UNITEXTPH)


The Schrödinger–Pauli theory is characterized by the fact that every system must have a ground state, whose energy is a lower bound to the energies of all states. This is not true in Classical Mechanics, in which, for instance, a H atom could have any energy.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Università di Roma Tor VergataRomeItaly

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