Advertisement

The Canary Islands’ Goat Breeds (Majorera, Tinerfeña, and Palmera): An Example of Adaptation to Harsh Conditions

Chapter

Abstract

The importance of small dairy ruminants has increased significantly in last years and goats have shown to be well adapted to harsh conditions. On the Canary Islands, an insular territory of Spain, goat population is higher than 300,000 heads adapted to this subtropical Archipelago with different microclimates, being disseminated through the seven islands. This census supposes about 70% of the total livestock population on the islands. There are three local dairy goat breeds, Majorera, Tinerfeña, and Palmera. The three breeds are considered high-yielding dairy goats. Majorera breed is adapted to arid climates; conversely, Palmera goats are adapted to rainy and abrupt areas. Regarding Tinerfeña breed, two ecotypes are recognized, one adapted to rainy (North ecotype) and the other to dry environments (South ecotype). Additionally to the Canary Islands, Majorera goats have shown to be well adapted in other places, especially in arid, semiarid, and even tropical regions.

References

  1. Amills M, Capote J, Manunza A (2016) Origins, diversity and influence of the gene pool of canarian goats. A genetic perspective about the origins of the Canarian livestock. Colección Universidad 10:71–84Google Scholar
  2. Amills M, Capote J, Tomas A et al (2004) Strong phylogeographic relationships among three goat breeds from the Canary Islands. J Dairy Res 71(3):257–262CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Argüello A, Castro N, Capote J et al (2005) Effects of diet and live weight at slaughter on kid meat quality. Meat Sci 70(1):173–179CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Argüello A, Fabelo F, Capote J et al (1999) Carcass composition of Canary Caprine group at adult age. J Appl Anim Res 15:75–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Armas W, Arvelo M, Delgado A et al (2006) El circuito caprino en los estados Lara y Falcón, 2001–2003. Una visión estratégica. Agroalimentaria 23:101–110Google Scholar
  6. Capote J, Álvarez S, Fresno M et al (2012) Adaptación de las cabras canarias en el árido Subsahariano. Agropalca 17:27Google Scholar
  7. Capote J, Delgado JV, Fresno M et al (1998) Morphological variability in the Canary goat population. Small Ruminant Res 27(2):167–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Capote J, Fresno M, Álvarez S (1999) Agrupación Caprina Canaria (ACC). Ovis 62:11–22Google Scholar
  9. Cardoso LA, Almeida AM (2013) Enhancing animal welfare and farmer income through strategic animal feeding. In: Makkar HPS (ed) Enhancing animal welfare and farmer income through strategic animal feeding. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, pp 37–44Google Scholar
  10. Csapo-Janos J, Csapo-Janosne J, Horvathne AM (1984) Protein content, protein composition, macro and microelement content of goat milk. Tejipar 33(3):61–65Google Scholar
  11. Esteban-Muñoz C (2008) Razas Ganaderas Españolas Caprinas. Ediciones FEAGAS, Madrid, SpainGoogle Scholar
  12. FAO (2011) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available at: http://faostatfao.org
  13. Fernández G, Mernies B, Rivero JC et al (2015) Esquema de selección de la raza caprina Majorera: 2. Parámetros productivos y factores que les afectan. XI Congreso de la Federación Iberoamericana de razas criollas y autóctonas (Zaragoza, España)Google Scholar
  14. Fresno MDR (1993) Estudio de la producción láctea de la Agrupación Caprina Canaria. Ph.D. Thesis. Universidad de Córdoba, SpainGoogle Scholar
  15. Fresno MdR, Capote J, Álvarez S (2009a) Tinerfeña. Guía de campo de las razas autóctonas españolas (23):241–244Google Scholar
  16. Fresno MdR, Capote J, Álvarez S et al (2009b) Majorera. Guía de campo de las razas autóctonas españolas (13):208–211Google Scholar
  17. Herrera R, Puyol D, Martín E (2001) Influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the Canary Islands precipitation. J Clim 14(19):3889–3903CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. ISTAC (2012) Instituto Canario de Estadística. http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/istac/
  19. Lamy E, van Harten S, Sales-Baptista E et al (2012) Factors influencing livestock productivity. In: Sejian V, Naqvi SMK, Ezeji T, Lakritz J, Lal R (eds) Environmental stress and amelioration in livestock production. Springer, Berlin, pp 19–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Léiras JR, Hernández Castellano LE, Morales-delaNuez A et al (2013) Body live weight and milk production parameters in the Majorera and Palmera goat breeds from the Canary Islands: influence of weight loss. Trop Anim Health Prod 45(8):1731–1736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Léiras JR, Hernández Castellano LE, Suárez-Trujillo A et al (2014) The mammary gland in small ruminants: major morphological and functional events underlying milk production—a review. J Dairy Res 81(3):304–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Léiras JR, Peña R, Hernández Castellano LE et al (2015) Establishment of the biochemical and endocrine blood profiles in the Majorera and Palmera dairy goat breeds: the effect of feed restriction. J Dairy Res 82(4):416–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. López JL, Capote J, Caja G et al (1999) Changes in udder morphology as a consequence of different milking frequencies during first and second lactation in Canarian dairy goats. In: Barillet F, Zervas NP (eds), Milking and milk production of dairy sheep and goats. Wageningen Presse, Wageningen, pp 100–103Google Scholar
  24. Marichal Á, Castro N, Capote J et al (2003) Effects of live weight at slaughter (6, 10 and 25 kg) on kid carcass and meat quality. Livest Sci 83(2–3):247–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Martín D, Capote J, Castro N, et al. (2004) Manual de granja para la calificación lineal. Adaptación a las razas caprinas canarias. Asociación de Estudios Ganaderos, Las Palmas, pp 1–22Google Scholar
  26. Martínez A, Acosta J, Vega-Plá J et al (2006) Analysis of the genetic structure of the canary goat populations using microsatellites. Livest Sci 102(1–2):140–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Naude RT, Hofmeyr HS (1981) Meat production. In: Gall C (ed) Goat production. Academic Press, London, pp 285–307Google Scholar
  28. Navarro-Rios MJ, Fernández G, Pérezgrovas R (2011) Characterization of Majorera goat production systems in the Canary Islands. Options Méditerranéennes 100:205–210Google Scholar
  29. Tejera A, Capote J (2005) Colón y La Gomera. La colonización de “La Isabella” (República Dominicana) con animales y plantas de Canarias. Taller de Historia, TenerifeGoogle Scholar
  30. Torres A (2013) Efecto de la frecuencia de ordeño sobre la producción, fraccionamiento lechero y parámetros de calidad de la leche en las cabras canarias. Ph.D. Thesis, p 143Google Scholar
  31. Torres A, Capote J (2011) Venezuela y las cabras Canarias. Agropalca 15:25Google Scholar
  32. Torres A, Castro N, Argüello A et al (2013) Comparison between two milk distribution structures in dairy goats milked at different milking frequencies. Small Ruminant Res 114(1):161–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noemí Castro
    • 1
  • Anastasio Argüello
    • 1
  • Juan Capote
    • 2
  1. 1.Animal Production and Biotechnology Group, Institute of Animal Health and Food SafetyUniversidad de Las Palmas de Gran CanariaArucasSpain
  2. 2.Instituto Canario de Investigaciones Agrarias (ICIA)TenerifeSpain

Personalised recommendations