The Garganica and Girgentana Goat Breeds Reared in Different Regions of Italy

  • Davide De Marzo
  • Anna C. Jambrenghi
  • Francesco Nicastro
Chapter

Abstract

The extensive farming method represents the best system for goats living in a Mediterranean environment, despite the fact that its productive potential is partly achieved, the rusticity and frugality of this animal, here, allows to reach the maximum use of the environmental resources enabling the animal to produce, particularly milk and dairy products, after grazing. Two Italian breed goats are described in this chapter considering these premises and regarding primarily the milk production and, secondarily, meat quality. The Garganica breed, native of the Gargano area of Puglia region (southeast Italy), is a medium-size animal characterized by a shiny black coat, which may have black-reddish shades. It is a dairy goat breed, with an average production of 180 L of milk per lactation, and a mean fat content of 3.6% and protein of 3.7%. The Girgentana breed, bred and selected in Sicily, particularly in the Midwest, is a medium-size animal too, white coat with reddish-brown tending to roan and seldom to gray forehead and jaws, often characterized by an extended spotting. It is predominantly a dairy breed with an average production of 333 L of milk per lactation, with an average fat content of 3.4% and a protein of 3.2%.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author wishes to thank Mr. Filippo Bellosguardo of the Regional Association of Pugliese Breeders (A.R.A.) for photos of Garganica goats. Our thanks also to Mr. Giuseppe Forese of the Regional Association of Pugliese Breeders (A.R.A.) for photos of Girgentana goats; to Mr. Felice Giovine for the photo of the Garganica goats by Mr. Enrico Bambocci and prizewinner at the Venice Exhibition in 1899. 28.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davide De Marzo
    • 1
  • Anna C. Jambrenghi
    • 1
  • Francesco Nicastro
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze Agro Ambientali e TerritorialiUniversità degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro”BariItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento dell’Emergenza e dei Trapianti di Organi, Sezione di Cliniche Veterinarie e Produzioni Animali (DETO)Università degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro”BariItaly

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