Advertisement

Introductory Chapter: Goats in Arid and Mountain Areas

  • Juan Capote
Chapter

Abstract

The present introductory chapter contextualizes the development of goat breeds in adverse environments. Local goat breeds are reared mainly in drylands or mountain regions of all continents. The goat rearing systems in adverse environments, normally under pastoralism, are related with people or countries presenting low economic resources accessibility. Local goats are very well adapted to their environments and biomass availability, but show low-producing yields contrarily to high-producing improved breeds. Breed miscegenation can generate adaptation problems related with the decrease in parasites resistance of the new cross breeding population. Furthermore, reproductive and milking management, as well as udder conformation, could be issues to taking into account when the farmers try to improve the genetic quality of their herds.

References

  1. ADGA (2017) American Dairy Goat Association. http://adga.org/
  2. Capote J (2002) Sistema de explotación caprina en zonas áridas. Actas de las XXVII Jornadas Científicas y VI Internacionales de la SEOC, 19 –21 septiembre 2002, Valencia, Spain, pp 95–100Google Scholar
  3. Capote J, Argüello A, Castro N et al (2006) Short communication: correlations between udder morphology, milk yield, and milking ability with different milking frequencies in dairy goats. J Dairy Sci 89(6):2076–2079CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Capote J, Tejera A, Amills M et al (2004) Influencia histórica y actual de los genotipos canarios en la población caprina americana. AGRI (FAO) 35:49–60Google Scholar
  5. Costa R, Correia M, Da Silva JH et al (2007) Effect of different levels of dehydrated pineapple by-products on intake, digestibility and performance of growing goats. Small Rum Res 71(1–3):138–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dickson L, Garcia E, Garcia O et al (1991) Comportamiento productivo y reproductivo de caprinos puros Nubian y Alpino Francés bajo manejo intensivo. Jornadas Nacionales de Ovino y Caprino, Venezuela (Resumen de comunicaciones)Google Scholar
  7. FAO (2014) Mountain Farming Is Family Farming. A contribution from mountain areas to the International Year of Family Farming. Available at: http://www.fao.org/family-farming/themes/mountain-farming/en/
  8. Fernández-Lugo S, De Nascimento L, Mellado M et al (2009) Vegetation change and chemical soil composition after 4 years of goat grazing exclusion in a Canary Islands pasture. Agric Ecosyst Environ 132(3–4):276–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Foote WC (1990) Reproductive management of goat stock in arid zones. Simposio Internacional de Explotacion Caprina en Zonas Aridas, Coquimbo, 23–26 Oct 1990. Terra Arida 10:44–45Google Scholar
  10. Geerts S, Osaer S, Goossens B et al (2008) Trypanotolerance in small ruminants of sub-Saharan Africa. Trends Parasitol 25(3):132–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. González JF, Hernández A, Molina JM et al (2008) Comparative experimental Haemonchus contortus infection of two sheep breeds native to the Canary Islands. Vet Parasitol 153(3–4):374–378CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Huntle J (2013) Immune response to parasites. Scientific Report COST action FA 0805Google Scholar
  13. Iñiguez L (2005) Characterization of small ruminants breeds in West Asian and North Africa. Vol. 1. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria, 462 ppGoogle Scholar
  14. Lu CD, Akinsoyinu AO (1990) Metabolic adaptation of goats to environmental changes. Simposio Internacional de Explotacion Caprina en Zonas Aridas, Co-quimbo, 23–26 Oct 1990. Terra Arida 10:67–77Google Scholar
  15. Morand-Fehr P (1997) Particularidades de la Alimentación de cabras lecheras de alta producción; Estrategias a adoptar en ambientes mediterráneas o tropicales. XXII Jornadas Sociedad Científicas Española de Ovinotecnia y Caprinotecnia, Tenerife (Islas Canarias), Spain, pp 99–124Google Scholar
  16. Oklahoma University (2014) Breeds of Livestock. Available at: http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/
  17. Pinto CM, Brito CC, Fraser LB et al (1992) Composición química de la leche de cabra mestiza Saanen. Terra Arida 11:138–144Google Scholar
  18. Torres A, Castro N, Argüello A et al (2013) Comparison between two milk distribution structures in dairy goats milked at different milking frequencies. Small Rumin Res 114(1):161–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. UN (2010) United Nation decade for deserts and fight against desertification. Available at: http://www.un.org/en/events/desertification_decade/whynow.shtml
  20. Valencia PM, Dobler LP, Montaldo HH (2005) Genetic trends for milk yield in a flock of Saanen goats in Mexico. Small Rum Res 57(2–3):282–285Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Canario de Investigaciones AgrariasTenerifeSpain

Personalised recommendations