Bariatric Tourism: Bidirectional and in the United States

  • Abhishek D. Parmar
  • Farah A. Husain


Bariatric tourism is defined as the travel of an individual to another region to pursue a bariatric operation. This chapter will focus on bariatric tourism related to the United States. As such, bariatric tourism can be considered as outbound (outside the United States), inbound (into the United States), or intrabound (within the United States). Bariatric tourism presents a complex clinical, societal, and international issue that is multifaceted both at the patient level and at the population level. The decision for a patient to pursue bariatric care outside of their healthcare region can have multiple implications for their own safety as well as the well-being of the populations they visit. In addition, the management of the bariatric meditourist poses a unique clinical challenge for surgeons who are tasked with managing complications. We present the known literature on bariatric tourism, including the estimated scope of the issue, current guidelines, the outcomes and international standards of care, cost considerations, and ethical issues.


Medical tourism Bariatrics Metabolic surgery Bariatric surgery Global bariatric healthcare 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Alabama School of MedicinePortlandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Bariatric ServicesOregon Health and Science UniversityPortlandUSA

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