Social Learning for Water Sector Resilience
- 285 Downloads
Resilient water systems function at the triple junction of scientific discovery, decision support, and public engagement. New scientific knowledge about non-stationary environmental systems (including scientific and societal uncertainties) informs management decision-making, warns of the need to change course, and supports exploration of future conditions via scenario analysis. Public participation in the water sector builds capacity into institutions and organizations for knowledge that is inclusive, accountable, evolving, and reflective of diverse viewpoints. Decision-making processes in this ideal world are both evidence-based and reflective of human beliefs, attitudes, and values. Social learning across groups improves the capacity to manage complex system dynamics and resolve value-based controversies.
- Anderson, W. C. 2004. “A History of Environmental Engineering in the United States.” In Water Resources and Environmental History. Edited by J. R. Rogers, 103. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers.Google Scholar
- Arnstein, Sherry R. 1969. “A Ladder of Citizen Participation.” Journal of the American Planning Association, 35(4): 216–224. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944366908977225. Accessed September 23 2017.
- Bandura, Albert, and Richard H. Walters. 1963. Social Learning and Personality Development. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.Google Scholar
- Cash, David W., William C. Clark, Frank Alcock, Nancy M. Dickson, Noelle Eckley, David H. Guston, Jill Jäger, and Ronald B. Mitchell. 2003. “Knowledge Systems for Sustainable Development.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 10(14): 8086–8091.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cook, Benjamin I., Toby R. Ault, and Jason E. Smerdon. 2015. “Unprecedented 21st Century Drought Risk in the American Southwest and Central Plains.” Science Advances, 1(1): http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/1/e1400082. Accessed September 23 2017.
- Disco, N., and Toussaint, B. 2014. “From Projects to Systems: The Emergence of a National Hydraulic Technocracy, 1990–1970.” In Two Centuries of Experience in Water Resources Management: A Dutch-US Retrospective, edited by J. Lonnquest, B. Toussaint, J. Manous, Jr., and M. Ertsen, 155–200. Alexandria, VA: Rijkswaterstaat, Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment and US Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Institute for Water Resources.Google Scholar
- Global Reservoir and Dam Database. 2011. “GRanD Database.” http://www.gwsp.org/products/grand-database/global-reservoir-and-dam-grand-database-project.html. Accessed August 18 2017.
- Glynn, Pierre D., Alexey A. Voinov, Carl D. Shapiro, and Paul A. White. 2017. “From Data to Decisions: Processing Information, Biases, and Beliefs for Improved Manage of Natural Resources and Environments.” Earth’s Future 5(4): 356. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016EF000487. Accessed June 26 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hassan, Fekri. 2011. Water History for Our Time, Volume 2. Paris, France: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002108/210879e.pdf. Accessed June 26 2017.
- Keller, L. Robin, Craig W. Kirkwood, and Nancy S. Jones. 2010. “Assessing Stakeholder Evaluation Concerns: An Application to the Central Arizona Water Resources System.” Systems Engineering 13(1): 58–71.Google Scholar
- Mahmood, K. 1987. “Reservoir Sedimentation: Impact, Extent, Mitigation” Technical Report WTP71. Washington, DC: World Bank. https://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5564758. Accessed September 23 2017.
- Molle, François. 2009. “Water and Society: New Problems Faced, New Skills Needed.” Irrigation and Drainage 58: S205–S211.Google Scholar
- Pahl-Wostl, Claudia, Marc Craps, Art Dewulf, Erik Mostert, David Tabara, and Tharsi Tallieu, 2007. “Social Learning and Water Resource Management.” Ecology and Society 12(2). 5 [online] http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss2/art5/. Accessed June 26 2017.
- Parkins, John R., and Ross E. Mitchell. 2005. “Public Participation as Public Debate: A Deliberative Turn in Natural Resource Management.” Society & Natural Resources 18(6): 529–540, https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920590947977.
- Quay, Ray, Kelli L. Larson, and Dave D. White. 2013. “Enhancing Water Sustainability Through University Policy Collaborations: Experiences and Lessons from Researchers and Decision Makers.” Water Resources Impact 5(2): 17–19.Google Scholar
- Strickert, Graham E. H. and Lori Bradford. 2015. “Of Research Pings and Ping-Pong Balls: The Use of Forum Theater for Engaged Water Security Research.” International Journal of Qualitative Methods 15: 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406915621409.
- US Army Corps of Engineers. 2017. “The Army Corps of Engineers: A Brief History.” http://www.usace.army.mil/About/History/Brief-History-of-the-Corps/Beginnings/. Accessed August 18 2017.
- US Environmental Protection Agency. 2017. “What is Green Infrastructure?” https://www.epa.gov/green-infrastructure/what-green-infrastructure. Accessed August 18 2017.
- Vörösmarty Charles J., Peter B. McIntyre, Mark O. Gessner, David Dudgeon, Alexander Prusevich, Pamela Green, Stanley Glidden et al. 2010. “Global Threats to Water Security.” Nature 467(7315): 555–561.Google Scholar
- Wade, Rebecca, and Neil McLean. 2014. “Multiple Benefits of Green Infrastructure.” In Water Resources in the Built Environment, Management Issues and Solutions. Edited by Colin A. Booth and Susanne M. Charlesworth, 319–335. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118809167.ch24.
- Winiwarter, Verena, Gertrud Haidvogl, Severin Hohensinner, Friedrich Hauer, and Michael Bürkner. 2016. “The Long-Term Evolution of Urban Waters and Their Nineteenth Century Transformation in European Cities. A Comparative Environmental History.” Water History 8: 209–233. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12685-016-0172-z. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wrcr.20452/pdf. Accessed June 26 2017.