Application of Chemostratigraphy in Clastic, Carbonate and Unconventional Reservoirs

Part of the Advances in Oil and Gas Exploration & Production book series (AOGEP)


Chemostratigraphy is most commonly applied to clastic sediments, particularly where biostratigraphic control is lacking. An example of such a study is in the Berkine Basin, Algeria, where it was almost impossible to use lithostratigraphy and sedimentology alone to correlate the Triassic TAGI Formation. More recently, however, the technique has been used in conjunction with other correlation tools to provide higher levels of resolution and correlation confidence. This is certainly true of a study performed on Devonian, Carboniferous and Permian sediments encountered in eastern Saudi Arabia, where both chemostratigraphy and biostratigraphy were employed. Good biostratigraphic control is largely absent in the glaciogenic Sarah Formation of NW Saudi Arabia, where chemostratigraphy, sedimentology, borehole image and seismic data were employed as part of a multidisciplinary approach to reservoir correlation. Chemostratigraphy is less commonly applied to carbonate sediments, but can be used on these lithologies with an equal degree of success. When utilizing the technique on carbonates, the correlation scheme may either relate to changes in the distribution and chemistry of the carbonate fraction, or to the provenance of detrital components (e.g. heavy minerals). A more recent development in chemostratigraphy involves the use of technique on unconventional (source rock) reservoirs where there are normally two objectives, the first being to produce a correlation scheme. A secondary aim is to apply the inorganic geochemical data to recognize organic rich zones, changes in base level and redox, and unconventional seals/cap rocks.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Exploration DepartmentSaudi AramcoDhahranSaudi Arabia

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