Bone Grafting

  • Zeeshan Sheikh
  • Siavash Hasanpour
  • Michael Glogauer


Successful dental implant placement for restoration of edentulous ridges depends on the quality and quantity of alveolar bone available in all spatial dimensions. There are several surgical grafting techniques used in combination with natural or synthetic materials to achieve alveolar ridge augmentation. The commonly available bone tissue replacement materials include autografts, allografts, xenografts, and alloplasts. Polymers (natural and synthetic) are widely used as barrier membrane materials in guided tissue regeneration (GTR) and guided bone regeneration (GBR) applications. However, there is no single ideal technique or graft material to choose in clinical practice currently. Treatment protocols and materials that involve less invasive and more reproducible vertical and horizontal bone augmentation procedures are actively sought. This chapter focuses on existing surgical techniques, natural tissues, and synthetic biomaterials commonly used for bone grafting in order to successfully restore edentulous ridges with implant-supported prostheses.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zeeshan Sheikh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Siavash Hasanpour
    • 1
  • Michael Glogauer
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Dentistry, Matrix Dynamics GroupUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Lunenfeld-Tenebaum Research Institute, Mt. Sinai HospitalTorontoCanada

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