Fundamental Surgical and Prosthetic Principles of Mandibular Implant Assisted Prostheses

Chapter

Abstract

The introduction of dental implants has dramatically changed the lives of many edentulous patients by providing a mechanism of anchorage that contributes to stabilizing the mandibular denture during function. This has provided a variety of new options for the treatment of complete upper and lower edentulism (Emami et al., Periodontol 66:119–31, 2014).

This chapter will discuss the fundamental principles and differences between the implant-retained and implant-supported mandibular dentures. The implant-retained overdenture presents a unique clinical situation that requires distinct surgical and prosthetic considerations to help optimize the clinical outcome (Kimoto et al., Clin Oral Implants Res 20:838–43, 2009). A multitude of stud-type attachment systems are available today to provide retention and stability for the mandibular complete implant-retained denture. A description of the various morphological characteristics and the impact that they have on the retention and wear behavior of stud attachments will be reviewed. This chapter will also cover the basic surgical and prosthetic principles that underline the planning of implant-supported removable and fixed mandibular prosthesis.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of DentistryMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Division of ProsthodonticsMcGill University Health CentreMontrealCanada

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