Advertisement

Lymphatic Malformations

  • Iria Neri
Chapter

Abstract

The term lymphatic malformations include a heterogeneous group of vascular malformations of the lymphatic network involving the skin and the subcutaneous tissue. Microcystic lymphatic malformations represent the most frequent forms and are generally observed at birth. They appear as clusters of translucent and clear vesicles that may eventually become purplish or black and that mainly occur on extremities, trunk, axillae, and tongue. Dermatoscopy reveals a whitish or yellowish lacunar pattern; frequently, scattered reddish areas within the yellowish lacunae or only reddish lacunae, likely reflecting the presence of blood, may be observed.

Keywords

Microcystic lymphatic malformations Vascular malformation Dermatoscopy Diagnosis 

References

  1. 1.
    Stillo F, Baraldini V, Dalmonte P et al (2015) Italian society for the study of vascular anomalies (SISAV). Vascular anomalies guidelines by the Italian society for the study of vascular anomalies (SISAV). Int Angiol 34:1–45PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arpaia N, Cassano N, Vena GA (2006) Dermoscopic features of cutaneous lymphangioma circumscriptum. Dermatol Surg 32:852–854PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Patel GA, Schwartz RA (2009) Cutaneous lymphangioma circumscriptum: frog spawn on the skin. Int J Dermatol 48:1290–1295CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Massa AF, Menezes N, Baptista A et al (2015) Cutaneous lymphangioma circumscriptum: dermoscopic features. An Bras Dermatol 90:262–264CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gencoglan G, Inanir I, Ermertcan AT (2012) Hypopyon-like features: new dermoscopic criteria in the differential diagnosis of cutaneous lymphangioma circumscriptum and haemangiomas? J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 26:1023–1025CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Amini S, Kim NH, Zell DS et al (2008) Dermoscopic-histopathologic correlation of cutaneous lymphangioma circumscriptum. Arch Dermatol 144:1671–1672PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dermatology, Department of Specialized, Experimental and Diagnostic MedicineUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly

Personalised recommendations