Comparing European Cities on the Road to Integrating Health and Urban Planning
The effective difficulty of intersecting the themes of health and well-being within urban-planning tools and how much, instead, this relationship is desirable even for the goals of promoting sustainable development, suggests investigating the theme with the aid of some current experiments in European cities, selecting some key questions around which the wager on integration is made. The comparison regards essentially medium or small cities (Belfast, Bristol, Ljubljana, Odense, Pécs, Poznan, Rennes, Turku, Modena, Udine); an inter-municipal association (Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur, PACA); and two metropolitan areas (Turin and Bologna). The results of this research mainly regard the content of the urban plans from the strategic to the operational levels with reference to the themes of health and well-being. In addition, aspects connecting the plans’ choices to the realization of interventions to design the places and empower local communities are investigated. Appendix 2 presents three of these experiences: Bristol’s Parks and Green Space Strategy; Rennes’ Restructuration de la Halte Ferroviaire de Pontchaillou; Healthy Poznan—Development Strategy for the River Warta; and the Hirvensalo District Master Plan.