Advertisement

Domestic Water Supply

  • Antonio R. De VeraEmail author
  • Rosalie Arcala Hall
Chapter
  • 337 Downloads
Part of the Global Issues in Water Policy book series (GLOB, volume 8)

Abstract

The legal framework on domestic household water use and sanitation specifically mandates the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System to engage in capital infrastructure and water distribution in Metro Manila. On the other hand, the water districts and municipal-government-administered water works play a key role in the supply, distribution, and management at the local level. Historically, these water institutions have paid less attention to sanitation and have focused more on water provisioning. Insufficient public investments and mismanagement have led to serious gaps in performance. The patterns of water use in the domestic household sector follow the country’s demographic distribution where urban and town centers are favored infrastructure-wise over rural and urbanizing areas. This chapter identifies the inefficiencies, the gaps in access by the poor, and the poor participation by consumers in water district schemes in urban areas. It also describes the challenges of rural villages distant from town centers that remain underserved or with crude water provisioning schemes. Urbanizing areas suffer from competing uses between households and small-scale industries and the attendant pollution arising from unregulated wastewater-dumping activities. Incipient attempts at reform either at the community or local government level toward improving domestic household water use and sanitation are mapped out.

Keywords

Domestic water Water service provider Water district Local government-run utility Sanitation 

References

  1. ADB (Asian Development Bank). (2013). Philippines: Water supply and sanitation sector assessment, strategy, and road map (p. 7). Manila: ADB.Google Scholar
  2. Center for Environmental Concerns-Philippines (CEC-Phils). (2012). Confronting the ecological crisis: A situationer on Philippine environmental issues and struggles. http://nafconusa.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/State-of-the-philippine-environment-web041312.pdf. Accessed 28 Nov 2016.
  3. DENR (Department of Environment and Natural Resources). (2008). Supreme Court decision G.R. nos. 171947–48. http://themanilabay.denr.gov.ph/supreme-court-decision/. Accessed 29 Nov 2016.
  4. Department of Health. (2010). Philippine sustainable sanitation roadmap (PSSR). Manila: Department of Health. https://www.scribd.com/document/52311529/Philippine-Sanitation-roadmap. Accessed 05 Apr 2016.
  5. Manahan, M. A. (2012). Focus at the alternative world water forum. http://focusweb.org/content/bridging-gap-water-service-provision-philippines-new-roles-communities. Accessed 28 Nov 2016.
  6. Millennium Development Goal Achievement Fund in the Philippines (MDGF). (2011). Review of the national government-local government unit (NG-LGU) cost sharing for water and sanitation (p. 6). Pasig City: MDG-F 1919 Program Management, NEDA. http://www.ombudsman.gov.ph/UNDP4/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Review_of_the_NG-LGU_Cost-Sharing_Practices_for_Water_Supply_and_Sanitation.pdf. Accessed 15 Mar 2016.
  7. Ndaw, M. F. (2016). Private sector provision of water supply and sanitation services in rural areas and small towns: The role of the public sector (p. 10). World Bank Group Water and Sanitation Program. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/450101468179030315/pdf/104505-WPS-Box394877B-PUBLIC-Add-series-WSP.pdf. Accessed 10 May 2016.
  8. NEDA (National Economic and Development Authority). (2004). Medium-term Philippine development plan 2011–2016: Result matrices. Manila: NEDA.Google Scholar
  9. NEDA (National Economic and Development Authority). (2008). Philippine water supply sector roadmap (1st ed.). Manila: NEDA.Google Scholar
  10. NEDA (National Economic and Development Authority). (2010). Philippine water supply sector roadmap (2nd ed.). Manila: NEDA.Google Scholar
  11. NEDA (National Economic and Development Authority). (2014). The Philippines: Fifth progress report- Millennium development goals. Manila: NEDA.Google Scholar
  12. NWRB (National Water Resources Board). (2015). Listahang Tubig—A national water survey. A28.Google Scholar
  13. Official Gazette of the Philippines. (1991). Republic Act No. 7160: An act providing for the Local Government Code of 1991. Manila: Office of the President. http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/downloads/1991/10oct/19911010-RA-7160-CCA.pdf. Accessed 25 Nov 2016.
  14. Planning and Development Collaborative International Inc. (PADCO) (2006). Local initiatives for affordable wastewater treatment in the Philippines/LINAW-1. http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/Pdaci905.pdf. Accessed 28 Nov 2016.
  15. Robinson, A. (2003). Urban sewerage and sanitation: Lessons learned from case studies in the Philippines (p. 6). Final report. Water Supply and Sanitation Performance Enhancement Project. Quezon City.Google Scholar
  16. Tabios G. Q, III, & Villaluna, R. (2012). Development of the implementation and operational plan for the National Water Resources Management Office (96 p). Submitted to the Interagency Committee on Water. Quezon City: NEDA.Google Scholar
  17. WHO-UNICEF (World Health Organization-United Nations Children Fund). (2015). Joint Monitoring Program for Water and Sanitation: Estimates on the use of water sources and sanitation facilities, Philippines. https://www.wssinfo.org/documents/?tx_displaycontroller[type]=country_files. Accessed 01 Mar 2016.
  18. World Bank. (2005). Philippines: Meeting infrastructure challenges (p. 111). http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTEAPINFRASTRUCT/Resources/PHInfra.pdf. Accessed 28 Nov 2016.
  19. World Bank. (2013a). East Asia and the Pacific Region urban sanitation review: Philippine Country Study (pp. 1, 2, 17, 36). Washington, DC: World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/771821468036884616/pdf/842900WP0P12990Box0382136B00PUBLIC0.pdf. Accessed 09 Mar 2016.
  20. World Bank. (2013b). Developing the institutional framework for the water supply and sanitation sector and identifying investment plans and programs (pp. 14, 15, 17, 31, 45–47). Report No: AUS151. Washington DC: World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/984111468162537378/pdf/AUS15110WP0P1265570Box385184B00PUBLIC0.pdf. Accessed 09 Mar 2016.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Subic Bay Water Regulatory Board, Subic Bay Freeport ZoneZambalesPhilippines
  2. 2.Division of Social SciencesCollege of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines VisayasMiagao, IloiloPhilippines

Personalised recommendations