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Water Demand Management and Improving Access to Water

  • Corazon L. AbansiEmail author
  • Rosalie Arcala Hall
  • Ida M. L. Siason
Chapter
Part of the Global Issues in Water Policy book series (GLOB, volume 8)

Abstract

The chapter reviews and examines water-related program interventions–social, economic, institutional–that have directly and indirectly influenced water demand management in the Philippines since 2000. Demand focuses on water users and the human dimensions of water use, including degradation of water quality, excessive drawing from aquifers, non-consumptive uses of water, and the organizations that have evolved to represent the various stakeholders. The chapter then examines the feasibility of the emergent emphasis on policies that stress making better use of existing supplies in combination with decentralization and participation of water users, even as new sources are explored. Initiatives by the Department of Interior and Local Government toward expanding water access in areas not served by municipal water districts, participatory management schemes for irrigation associations by the National Irrigation Administration, and intersectoral formation for surface water/river quality management by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources are probed. The chapter describes initiatives such as intermunicipal water transfers, independent community-based collective arrangements for domestic and irrigation provisioning (through cooperatives) and riparian upstream-downstream coalitions for water quality in select locality cases. Such policies and interventions aim to influence demand along principles of efficiency, equity, and sustainability. This chapter explores the application of water-demand programs by select national government agencies to their respective client-groups. The institutional arrangements thus created by these program applications are “grey area” because they are not as yet grounded on water rights or adequately covered in the existing Philippine Water Code. But they portend to better/improved ways by which water can be more equitably accessed.

Keywords

Water demand management Water recycling Water saving-devices Community participation in water management Non-price water conservation program 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corazon L. Abansi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rosalie Arcala Hall
    • 2
  • Ida M. L. Siason
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of ManagementUniversity of the Philippines BaguioBaguio CityPhilippines
  2. 2.Division of Social Sciences, College of Arts and SciencesUniversity of the Philippines VisayasMiagao, IloiloPhilippines
  3. 3.University of the Philippines VisayasIloiloPhilippines

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