National and Local Initiatives in Addressing Water Supply Sustainability
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This chapter discusses the national and local initiatives towards improving water management in the Philippines beginning with action plan to reform the National Water Resources Board (NWRB) in 1995, the development of the National Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) Plan Framework in 2006, followed by the Integrated River Basin Management and Development (IRBMD) Master Plan spearheaded by Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) in 2007 to integrate past framework plans and development of strategies for sustainable river basin ecosystem management. In 2010, the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) together with NWRB spearheaded the development of the Philippine Water Supply Sector Roadmap which recommended policy directions and institutional reforms to further strengthen NWRB and to organize a coherent, transparent and independent economic regulatory framework and as a follow up, NEDA with DOH developed the Philippine Sustainable Sanitation Roadmap in the same year. In 2011, the National Sewerage and Septage Management Program (NSSMP) was prepared by DPWH as mandated by the Clean Water Act. Despite all these framework and action plans, there is lack of strong leadership and coordination to ensure efficient and effective management of the country’s water resources, since there are more than 30 agencies with water related powers causing overlaps and fragmentation. This chapter ends with recent initiatives and recommendations on how to reform and transition from a fragmented and uncoordinated sector to one that is efficient, effective and sustainable in managing the country’s water resources.
KeywordsNational and local initiatives Water supply sustainability National Water Resources Board National Water Resources Management Body/Authority Integrated Water Resources Management
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