Computer Simulation of Liquid Motion in a Container Subjected to Sinusoidal Excitation with Different Turbulence Models

  • Abdallah BouabidiEmail author
  • Zied Driss
  • Mohamed Salah Abid


The sloshing phenomena occur when a partially filled container is subjected to external excitation. The aim of the present chapter is to perform a numerical simulation of the liquid sloshing using the “Fluent” software. The simulation of the two-phase application was achieved using the volume of fluid (VOF). The container was subjected to sinusoidal excitation. To impose the external excitation, an user-defined function was developed and interpreted in “Fluent”. Four numerical simulations were developed with different turbulence models: standard kε, RNG kε, Realizable kε, and standard kε. The fluid flow characteristics were presented and discussed for the different simulation cases. The numerical results are compared with the experimental data. The comparison between the numerical and the experimental results shows a good agreement for the turbulence model standard kε.


Sloshing Simulation VOF Turbulence model 


  1. Arafa M (2007) Finite element analysis of sloshing in rectangular liquid-filled tanks. J Vib Control 13:883–903MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. Belakroum R, Kadja M, Mai TH, Maalouf C (2010) An efficient passive technique for reducing sloshing in rectangular tank partially filled with liquid. Mech Res Commun 37:341–346CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Bouabidi A, Driss Z, Abid MS (2013) Vertical baffles height effect on liquid sloshing in an accelerating rectangular tank. Int J Mech Appl 3:105–116Google Scholar
  4. Bouabidi A, Driss Z, Abid MS (2015) Time step size effect on the liquid sloshing phenomena. Int J Fluid Mech Thermal Sci 1:8–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bouabidi A, Driss Z, Abid MS (2016a) Numerical investigation of the baffle effect on the hydrodynamic structure of a container partially filled with liquid. Am J Mech Eng 4:112–123Google Scholar
  6. Bouabidi A, Driss Z, Kossentini M, Abid MS (2016b) Numerical and experimental investigation of the hydrostatic pump in a battery cell with mixing element. Arab J Sci Eng 41:1595–1608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bouabidi A, Driss Z, Abid MS (2016c) Study of hydrostatic pump created under liquid sloshing in a rectangular tank subjected to external excitation. Int J Appl Mech 08:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bouabidi A, Driss Z, Cherif N, Abid MS (2016d) Computational investigation of the external excitation frequency effect on liquid sloshing phenomenon. WSEAS Trans Fluid Mech 11:1–9Google Scholar
  9. Bouabidi A, Driss Z, Abid MS (2016e) Numerical study on the liquid sloshing in a battery cell equipped with new baffle design. Int J Mech Appl 6:31–38Google Scholar
  10. Godderidge B, Turnock S, Tan M, Earl C (2009) An investigation of multiphase CFD modelling of a lateral sloshing tank. Comput Fluids 38:183–193CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  11. Panigrahy PK, Saha UK, Maity D (2009) Experimental studies on sloshing behavior due to horizontal movement of liquids in baffled tanks. Ocean Eng 36:213–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdallah Bouabidi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zied Driss
    • 1
  • Mohamed Salah Abid
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Electro-Mechanic Systems (LASEM), National School of Engineers of Sfax (ENIS)University of Sfax (US)SfaxTunisia

Personalised recommendations